Constipation is defined as the storage of fecal waste in the intestine for more than three days or as the presence of abnormal hard feces which can cause pain when defecating.
Constipation can not be defined taking into account the number of depositions. Each person has a different rithm . While some people do not go to the toilette every day, others may need going there three times or more. The most important thing is that this activity do not pose any effort and, above all, it should maintain a constant frequency.
Although frequency changes are quite common in most people, however, those changes which are maintained for some time may indicate an intestinal problem.
Symptoms of constipation
Among the most important ones we can distinguish the following: Poor or very dry stools, and with long periods between them. Swollen and heavy belly with the presence of flatulence.
Causes of constipation
There are many causes that can cause constipation, such as:
- Inadequate diet (too much meat protein, fish, eggs, milk and dairy products.) When we abuse of these foods, an alteration of the beneficial intestinal flora, required for proper digestive process, can take place with a predominance of the harmful bacteria that cause putrefaction and flatulence. Constipation can result from this alteration of intestinal flora.
Vegetables are recommended to avoid constipation
- Scarce content of fruit, vegetables, legumes and whole grains in the usual diet: These foods provide enough fiber for a good intestinal health. A shortage of these foods can be one of the causes that produce constipation.
- Too many products that contain little fiber, or have been subjected to a process of refinement in comparison to a good amount of whole products.
- Little water intake: Colon retains feces to take it from them when it detects that water is not abundant in the body. Drinking water abundantly is a way to secure intestinal waste will not be hampered in the colon and will go out faster and easier. Furthermore, when the body draws water from the feces, the waste is more difficult to evacuate and, in most cases, this cause painful evacuation.
- Lack of physical exercise. Exercise helps undertake the peristaltic movements.
- Absence of regular bowel habits . To get this habit we have to get used to empty the bowels as soon as we feel the need . Many people get a lazy intestine because the break the habit of defecating when they need it . Rush and stress of modern life are important factors that can cause this lack of dedication. This type of constipation is very common in young children who, motivated by the game, forget going to the toilet when they feel the need to void their excrements.
- The abuse of laxatives: People who tend to evacuate the intestine through laxatives usually develop lazy bowels, so they have to turn to laxatives in order to be able to defecate.
- Ingestion of certain medications: These include antidepressants, antacids, antispasmodic, etc.