How to prevent AIDS?
In the struggle with illness, prevention is the best way to avoid infection. The main factors to take into account to prevent AIDS are to maintain safer sex, prevent transmission from infected mother to fetus, and prevent its spread by blood.
What to take into account to prevent AIDS?
The following considerations should be taken into account to avoid infection:
- Maintain safe sex: The best way to prevent AIDS is to keep the maximum possible relations with a steady partner who is not infected. If you initiate sex with a new partner, it is advisable you and your partner take a testing each one for AIDS.
If this is not possible or, if in doubt, use condoms to reduce the risk of infection. Condoms are absolutely necessary in case of penetration, either vaginal or anal sex. The only suitable preservatives are those made from latex. You must discard organic ones because they can allow the passage of semen through the tissue. Condoms should be properly maintained and properly positioned and can only be used once.
Anal penetration is a higher risk than vaginal penetration, because the mucosa of the annus is very delicate and becomes injured more easily. Necessarily the condom should be used in case of unsafe anal intercourse. Condoms used in anal penetration can only be used once. It is desirable to encourage the use of lubricants in anal penetration to decrease the chance of injury to the lining of the anus.
Lubricants used in any type of penetration, in combination with condoms, must contain a water based and should not be used with petroleum jelly or lubricating oil or any petroleum products because they may decrease the resistance of the latex.
It should be noted that condom use reduces the risk of contracting sexually transmitted diseases but it does not eliminate it completely.
Is AIDS transmitted by pre-seminal fluid?
Seminal fluid is a semi-transparent liquid produced by Cowper's glands before ejaculation to clear the urethra.
This consists primarily of oil and other components that neutralize the acidity of the urethra. It may also contain low amounts of sperm and white blood cells can be infected by AIDS. Therefore, theoretically, it could transmit this disease but there is no definingevidence about it.
Is AIDS transmitted by oral sex?
Although it is believed that oral sex implies less risk than vaginal or rectal sex, in any case we can say that it is a safe sexual practice.
One should avoid ejaculation in the mouth and prevent sperm from contact with the oral mucosa. The best way to avoid potential exposure through the oral mucosa is also using the condom. Any preservative that was used in a relationship with oral sex should be discarded and not used for subsequent oral sex or any kind of penetration since it can contain small cuts that allow the passage of sperm.
In cunnilingus, or oral stimulation of the female sexual organs, considering that there is a direct contact between the oral and genital mucosa, the spread of AIDS can ocur, so that, the use of female condoms or dental protective mask can help avoid infection.
Is AIDS transmitted through penis masturbation?
AIDS is not spread through masturbation but, as a preventive measure, one should not get into contact with semen.
Is AIDS spread through contact with vaginal secretions or semen?
This type of infection can occur when these secretions come into contact with a tender wound, rash or open sore. To avoid risks, it is better not get in touch with such fluids or protect from them. The use of gloves is recommended for people who must manipulate objects they contain.
Is AIDS transmitted through artificial insemination?
This type of transmission although is virtually impossible because the sperm and the donor are analyzed thoroughly.
Is AIDS transmitted through kissing?
Given kisses to the cheeks can not transmit AIDS. The kisses made mouth to mouth have the theoretical risk of transmitting the disease if two people had sores in the mouth. However, in practice, there is no conclusive evidence on this type of transmission.
Moreover the chances of infection are very low because saliva contains many fewer viruses than semen and saliva has antiviral properties.
Prevent the spread by blood:
AIDS can be transmitted through blood transfusions or transplants of tissues or organs. However, the chances of this happening today are practically nonexistent because blood banks and organ donations are under control.
One possible way of transmision is through the exchange of blood from an infected person to another who is not infected. The most common way for this to happen is through syringes with infected blood, such in people who use drugs intravenously and share needles. So, people who are in this group should not use syringes that were previously used by others.
To avoid this possibility one should not use other items such as razors, toothbrushes or any grooming tool that can produce a skin lesion, even a very small one.
Is AIDS transmitted by the menstrual blood?
The blood produced by a woman with AIDS during the period of menstruation may transmit this disease.
Therefore, avoid handling towels, clothes or bedding that may have infected witn menstrual blood. Persons required to do so, must use latex gloves and avoid contact of blood with mucous membranes or injuries.
Is AIDS transmitted through wounds or accidental pricks?
The chances of infection through accidental injury or performed with a needle or a pointed infected object are very small. In addition, drug treatment after the accident minimizes the chances that the person develops the disease.
The wounds made in a usual manner using razors, toothbrushes, etc can transmit HIV, so it is recommended not to share such personal items.
Medical personnel should use latex gloves to reduce the risk of infection with blood or body fluids. The use of these gloves along with a proper and frequent washing of hands is the best method of prevention in these cases.
If you have to help a victim with blood, wear gloves. The use of masks and gloves is necessary for medical personnel.
Preventing transmission from mother to fetus
When a mother is sick with AIDS, she can transmit this disease to the fetus. Contagion occurs because the virus can cross the placenta. Sometimes, this takes place at the time of delivery because of small lesions in the vagina and skin of the fetus. The infection can also be carried out during breastfeeding because breast milk contains the virus.
A quarter of pregnant women with AIDS transmit the disease to their children. There is no completely effective solution to prevent infection in these cases, though, the use of some antiretroviral drugs can reduce the chances of infection. It is recommended that women with AIDS do not breastfeed her child to prevent this infection.
It is convenient to perform the test during pregnancy so, if results are positive, to take appropriate action for the mother and child.
More information about AIDS in the listing above.
This material is for informational purposes only. In case of doubt, consult the doctor.