CULTIVATION OF CARROTS
CARROT CULTIVATION AND CARE TIPS
Characteristics of carrots
Carrots (Daucus carota) are biennial plants of the Umbelliferae family, the same botanical family to which celery, fennel and cumin belong. These plants are grown for their edible roots.
During the first year of the plant, it develops a thick root with a few leaves in a rosette. The root is a storage organ rich in carbohydrates, which allow the plant to withstand the cold winter temperatures. It presents numerous lateral rootlets that have the function of absorbing nutrients from the soil.
In the second year, plant flowering is induced by low winter temperatures. The carrot develops a short flower stalk, from which arise the inflorescences. The plant inflorescence is umbel-shaped, with very distinctive white flowers. The fruit is an achene.
When are carrots harvested?
Generally carrots are harvested during the first year to get its root. Quite hardy plants, they are sown throughout most of the year, and there are different varieties depending on the size and thickness of the root.
Some carrots produce bunches of leaves used in salads or omelets.
Photo of carrots
Carrot soil requirements
CALENDAR OF CARROT CULTIVATION
CARROT GARDEN TASKS
Carrots: Cultivation tasks
Compatible plants growing with carrots are:
Plants growing incompatible with carrots
Harvesting is done before the carrots are fully developed and become woody, when they have an approximate a root diameter of 2 to 5cm. (depending on the variety). Generally this happens at 3 months after planting.
Manual harvesting is done with a fork stuck deep in the ground, and which serves to withdraw the ground vegetables.
Carrots must be thoroughly washed before eating, and the lateral rootlets remove.
The quality of the carrot is determined by its firmness, consistency and vivid orange color.
Carrots that are branched or deformed are not bad for health, but they are considered unsuitable for commercial sale. Two of the main reasons for being deformed are shallow or rocky soils.
The presence of green color in the heart of the root indicates that it has been exposed to the sun. carrots roots should not be bitter and sweet taste should prevail.
Carrots are in bloom in the second year of cultivation, from June to August.
Carrots diseases and pests
More information about carrots in the listing above
Other interesting articles
This material is for informational purposes only. In case of doubt, consult the doctor.