Plant Magazine of Botanical-online September 2017

Natural remedies

Common linden tree

(Tilia x Europaea)

COMMON LINDEN TREE CHARACTERISTICS

common linden flowers

Leaves and flowers of common linden. The flowers are the part of this tree that are usually taken in infusion

Common English name: linden, common linden, lime, common lime.

- Spanish: tilo, tilo híbrido de Holanda, tillón.
- Catalan: til·ler
- Portuguese:Tilo común
- French: tilleul commun
- Italian: tiglio
- Dutch: Hollandse Linde
- German: Holländische Linde

Scientific name:Tilia x Europaea = Tilia officinarum Crantz = Tilia intermedia DC. = Tilia x vulgaris Haine.

It is a hybrid between the large-leaved linden (Tilia platyphyllos) and the small-leaved Lime (Tilia cordata).

Family: Tiliaceae.

Habitat: Used for parks and gardens because of its thick shade and fragrance and because of its flowers and leaves. Highly resistant to contamination, so it's a very appropriate tree for the city.

It is also grown for its inflorescences, which have sedative medicinal properties. Sometimes you can find wild in the countryside, where it can hybridize spontaneously.

Description of common linden

lime tree drawing

Drawing of linden tree, showing the leaves and the flowers

Deciduous tree of the Tiliaceae family up to 40 m high (usually no more than 30m).

Trunk with gray bark where numerous cracks or ridges appear as the specimen becomes larger. Usually with numerous bags or bumps.

Leaves alternate, ovate, with cordate base, up to 10cm. long, darker on the top and lighter on the underside, with toothed margin, sessile, glabrous except in the axils of the nerves in the underside where tufts of whitish hairs appear.

Hermaphroditic flowers composed of five petals and five sepals, yellow - whitish, in pendulous inflorescences, on long stems that radiate from the center of a bract very characteristic of this family.

Fruit in nut , ovoid to 8mm in diameter. It flowers in June and July.

Common linden tree components

- Mucilage (flowers)

- Sugars: Sucrose (stems)

- Acids: ascorbic acid (leaves), caffeic acid, chlorogenic acid, p- coumaric acid (flowers), oleic acid, linoleic acid, palmitic acid(stem).

- Alcohols: geraniol, terpineol, phenyl ethanol (flowers), beta- amyrin (leaves)

- Terpenes: alpha- pinene, linalool, nerol, nerolidol, terpineol (flowers), limonene (shoots), taraxerol (bark)

- Phytosterols: stigmasterol (stems), beta - sitosterol (stems)

- Amino acids: cystine, cysteine, leucine, isoleucine, phenylalanine, serine (flowers), asparagine, glycine, glutamine acid (fruits), tyrosine, valine (fruits)

- Flavonoids: talus, hesperidin, isoquercitrin, campheritrine, quercetin (flowers)

- Tannins (bark)

- Saponins (flowers)

- Tocopherol (flowers)

- Eugenol (flowers)

- Xanthophyll (leaves)

More information about common linden in the listing above.

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This material is for informational purposes only. In case of doubt, consult the doctor.
"Botanical" is not responsible for damages caused by self-medication.

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