Inflammation of the bladder
Characteristics of cystitis?
Cystitis is the inflammation of the bladder or the urinary tract. It occurs primarily in women because they have a greater facility to become contaminated with the feces, and because of the shortest length of their urethra (about 4 cm in women and around 13 in men), thus making it more easily for the bacteria to reach urinary tract and bladder.
It is more common in older men due to most common problems in the prostate and sphincter control.
Symptoms of cystitis
The main symptoms of cystitis are flank pain, painful urination, frequent urination, foul-smelling or bloody urine, pain during sexual intercourse, fever, etc.
Causes of cystitis
The main causes that can produce inflammations in the bladder are:
- Microorganisms: Most kidney infections are caused by bacteria, usually E. coli, which penetrate the body
- Poor hygiene. Some times the infections of the urinary tract take place by bad habits of hygiene after the defecation so that, especially in the women whose urethra or channel of elimination of the urine is shorter than in men. The microbes of feces accede more easily through the urinary tract. The same problem can happen when, after maintaining sexual relations, a suitable hygiene of the zone is not taken into account.
- Diseases: Certain diseases, like diabetes, kidney stones, the inflammation of the prostate, etc.
- Contaminated objects: The access of contaminated objects into the urinary or genital tract as it happens, for example, in using tampons or diaphragms, may be another cause of kidney infections.
- Traumatisms: Impacts, falls, accidents at work, sports, etc. can cause inflammation.
- Little fluid intake / low urination / slightly acid urine: : The urine prevents the penetration of the bacteria that are expelled through this to the outside. Heavy water drinking is a way to increase the body fluids and facilitate urination. An acidic urine is also an unsuitable medium for bacteria to grow.
Prevention of cystitis
In order to avoid the appearance of infections in the bladder we would have to consider the following considerations:
- Caring for the hygiene: A good hygiene is essential after defecation. It is important that the washing is carried out from front to back to prevent microorganisms from entering through the urethra. This rule applies particularly to women to prevent urinary tract infections such as vaginal infections. Washing the genital area after sex is another welcome measure.
- Avoid contaminated objects: We should be extremely careful not to contaminate the objects that can access this area (tampons, diaphragms, spermicidal products, etc.).
- A proper diet:Adequate food, high in fiber and acidic foods (blueberries, lemons, oranges, grape, potatoes, etc.), with little sugar presence, not only helps to the fight against the constipation and accumulation of bacteria in the body, but acidifies the urine, creating an unsuitable environment for the development of bacteria.
- Increase water consumption: An abundant urination facilitates the expulsion of microorganisms.
Diagnosis an treatment of cystitis
Before the appearance of symptoms that presuppose the existence of an inflammation of the bladder, the first thing to do is to visit the doctor or specialist who, through analysis, will determine the causes of this inflammation.
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This material is for informational purposes only. In case of doubt, consult the doctor.