Daisy is an herbaceous plant of the Compositae family, characterized by a yellow flower bud. The real daisy flower comes from plants of the genus Bellis spp.
All daisies from Bellis gender come from Europe, and have become naturalized in many regions of Asia Minor, New Zealand and North America, initially exported as ornamentals. Currently, these plants are a common weed of lawns and turf.
In the image: Common daisy (Bellis perennis)
Daisy Botanical Aspects
Actually, a daisy is not a flower. It belongs to the Compositae family, and as the name implies, it is composed of many tiny flowers, arranged in a floral head.
So, a daisy is an inflorescence composed of tiny yellow flowers, and surrounded by a white, pink or red ligules that look like petals.
Main real daisies
- Common Daisy (Bellis perennis): small perennial plant, very common in Europe and Asia Minor. It blooms in spring. It is a common weed of meadows and fields. (More information on this plant in the listing above)
- Annual daisy (Bellis annua): annual daisy blooming in winter, common in Europe.
- Southern Daisy (Bellis sylvestris): wild daisy, vivacious, which differs by having leaves and flowers larger than their previous two.
Some plants belonging to chrysanthemums (Chrysanthemum spp.) are also commonly called daisies.
Chrysanthemums are a genus of flowers from Asia, from the same family than Bellis, the Compositae family. This genus includes about 40 species.
In some classifications, many plants assigned to the genus Chrysanthemum spp. have been divided among other genres, such as: Argyranthemum, Dendranthema, Leucanthemum and Tanacetum.
It is for this reason that many of these plants have dual scientific name.
- Oxeye Daisy (Leucanthemum vulgare = Chrysanthemum Leucanthemum) It is distinguished by its large flowers, white petals and bright yellow flower buds . This is usually the most common in fields and roads. Although commonly it is called Daisy, this is actually a species of chrysanthemum.
In the image: oxeye daisy
- Shasta Daisy (Chrysanthemum Leucanthemum = Leucanthemum maximum): perennial plant with flowers reminiscent of daisies, with white petals and yellow flower buds. Flowers large, greater than 5 cm. in diameter.
- Canary Daisy (Chrysanthemum frutescens = Argyranthemum frutescens): species from the Canary Islands, currently distributed through the gardens of Europe. It blooms throughout the year.
In the image: maximum chrysanthemum or Shasta Daisy
- Garland daisy (Chrysanthemum coronarium = Glebionis coronarium): white on the periphery of the petals and golden yellow in the part closest to the floral disc. Common in the margins of roads and Mediterranean cornfields .
- Corn daisy (Chrysanthemum segetum = Glebionis segetum): also known as corn marigold. Annual plant very common in dry fields and harvests (grain fields), numerous branches topped with golden flower heads.
Other plants similar to daisies
- Chamomile (Matricaria chamomilla): popular medicinal plant with flowers that resemble daisies.
- Mayweed (Anthemis arvensis): annual plant with white flowers reminiscent of daisies. Outstanding floral heads heads 2-3cm. in diameter.
- Boston daisy (Anthemis tinctoria) herbaceous plant with golden flowers that grows wild in the fields. It is widely used in decoration of bouquets.
- Stinking chamomile (Anthemis Cotula): field flower look similar to chamomile.
- Marigold (Calendula officinalis): colorful and beautiful orange-yellow flower. Often this flower is often confused with some kind of chrysanthemum.
- Blue-eyed African daisy (Artotis stoechadifolia): although it shares its name with daisy, it has very different characteristics.
- European Michaelmas Daisy (Aster amellus): flower reminiscent of daisy, but in the genus Aster. Popular gardening flower. It can have different colors depending on variety.