DRY MOUTH or XEROSTOMIA is an condition characterized by lack of saliva in the mouth.
Besides being a very unpleasant condition from a medical standpoint, is very damaging because it causes difficulty in swallowing food, little desire to eat due to lack of taste and can damage the dental health .
The lack of saliva can cause oral fermentations easier since there is no liquid in the mouth enough to clean the impurities resulting in a rise in bacteria that can damage teeth and cause bad breath . Similarly, the xerostomia may be responsible for the appearance of disease in the gums . People with dry mouth should make frequent visits to the dentist.
Saliva is also very important for digestion. A lack of saliva may be responsible for bad digestion.
Dry mouth, lack of saliva in the mouth.
The main causes of the dry mouth are:
- Infections of the glands that produce saliva
- Injuries of the salivary glands, often produced by processing in the mouth or radiotherapy in cancer of the mouth or neck.
- Obstruction of channels by the formation of salivary stones, tumors
- Consequence of certain diseases: Anemia, reumathoid arthritis, diabetes, Sjögren syndrome , etc.