Characteristics of endometriosis
Endometriosis is a disorder characterized by the growth of endometrial tissue (tissue that lines the inside of the uterus) in areas outside of the lining of the uterus (endometrium).
When your period comes, it produces an irritation of this tissue so it becomes inflamed and bleeds as if it were the authentic endometrium, causing much pain, infection and inflammation in the affected area and may even cause infertility, abortion or ectopic pregnancies (those that occur outside the uterus).
Normally, it usually affects the pelvic area outside the uterus (ovaries, bladder, fallopian tubes, bowel, rectum, etc.). But it even may occur in other areas (arms or lungs). Unlike authentic endometrial tissue growing outside the the uterus, it keeps stuck, and eventually produces numerous scars and adhesions or ovarian cysts which can be very large and painful.
It is a disorder that affects 10% of women throughout their life, but especially women who can not have children, in which case the percentages exceed 25%. It is diagnosed mostly between 25 and 40 years, but it begins with menstruation. The symptoms disappear during pregnancy but usually reappear after birth.
Symptoms of endometriosis
- Some times without symptoms.
- Abundant bleeding in menstruation, appearance of great clots.
- Pain before and during menstruation in the lower abdomen and the back with the possibility of painful urination or bowel movement. These pains are more immediately upon completion of menstruation. Blood in urine or feces for the duration of menstruation.
- Sensation of pain in penetration, with independence of menstruation
- Sterility or feminine infertility, possibility of abortion. Cysts can also be developed.
Causes of endometriosis
The exact causes are not known although the following theories are postulated:
- The menstrual flow returns by the tubes of Fallopian tube and the endometrial cells are implanted in the abdominal or pelvic cavity.
- An unknown substance alters the cells of these cavities that spontaneously turn into endometrial tissue.
- Endometrial cells are transported to other places by the blood or lymph vessels.
- Errors of the immune system to allow these cells to be implanted in different parts of the endometrium.
- Endometrial cells congenitally located outside the uterus.
There are a number of factors that influence the development of this disorder. Among them, we would mention the following:
- Heredity: Women with a family history are more prone to endometriosis.
- Toxins and drugs: It is suspected that certain toxic compounds, including dioxins, or certain medications can produce it.
Prevention of endometriosis
Among the advice to prevent or to improve endometriosis we would have:
- Practise exercise: It has been verified that the habitual exercise from childhood prevents the appearance of endometriosis. On the other hand, the accomplishment of exercise in women who present this disorder, generates endorphins, which inhibit pain. Exercise should be done gently to avoid scarring and adhesions to develop.
- Change your eating habits: A diet rich in vegetal food, with little animals products, devoid of saturated fat and refined sugars, can help improve the symptoms of endometriosis. (Blue fish rich in omega-3 fatty acids, helps reduce pain by inhibiting prostaglandin production)
There should not be exciting drink beverages such as coffee or cola, as they may increase the sensation of pain. ( More information about endometriosis diet in the listing above)
- Do not obstruct the exit of the fluid in the period: Tampons are not adequate because, by preventing menstrual flow, they may increase the sensation of pain.
- Changing sexual behavior: Given that the penetration is usually painful, they should take those positions that encourage intercourse without pain. Also it is convenient to use a lubricant to facilitate the penetration and avoid pain.
- Apply heat or cold to painful parts: This can be a valid remedy to reduce pain.
- Use of alternative therapies: The use of other alternative techniques can help make the condition more bearable. These would include:
Diagnostics and treatment of endometriosis
Before the onset of symptoms that may indicate endometriosis, we recommend a visit to a specialist to diagnose the possible existence of this disorder and recommend the most appropriate treatment to follow.
The natural treatment of diverticulosis involves using a series of natural resources that can complement or assist the ordinary treatment.
More information on endometriosis and its natural treatment the listing above.