Properties of saturated fats
Characteristics and uses of saturated fatty acids
PROPERTIES OF SATURATED FATTY ACIDS
What are saturated fatty acids or saturated fats?
Saturated fatty acids are a type of fat that is characterized by the absence of double bonds between the carbon chains, which form the fatty acid.
They have chains shorter than the other fatty acids, but also the longer ones, since they can be formed with only 4 carbons, but some waxes can contain 35.
Characteristics of saturated fatty acids
Saturated fatty acids are those that do not contain any double bonds or unsaturation in their carbon chain, so all bonds are simple or saturated.
This feature allows the binding of molecules by Van Der Waals forces, which gives a more stable structure to the molecule.
Physically this stability is manifested by the characteristic that saturated fatty acids are solid or semisolid at room temperature, such as butter.
Foods rich in saturated fatty acids
The most common saturated fatty acids in foods are usually those containing 14, 16 and 18 carbons, which are called myristic acid, palmitic acid and stearic acid, respectively.
They are usually designated by the following nomenclature: C14: 0, C16: 0 and C18: 0.
The number that precedes the quantity of carbons, designates the amount of double bonds or unsaturations, in this case they are saturated and consequently, the value is zero.
Other less common are some waxes, which have a longer chain of 18 carbons.
Types of saturated fatty acids
Saturated fatty acids are classified according to the carbon chain length of the fatty acid. Below, there is a table of the usual saturated fatty acids:
* Related information:
More information on fats in the listing above.
Other interesting articles
This material is for informational purposes only. In case of doubt, consult the doctor.