Causes of female infertility
CAUSES OF FEMALE INFERTILITY
There are many causes that can lead to female infertility. The main are:
- Problems of ovulation: Just as men may suffer from a problem of infertility due to the lack of viability of sperm, women may have fertility problems because of problems with the ovules.
In women of childbearing age, ovule maturation is produced each month. The ovule is released from the ovary to the opening of the fallopian tube and, by peristaltic contractions of the muscles of the trunk, is being pushed into the uterus. Along this path - in most cases in the last third of it - fertilization occurs, after the sperm gets into it.
Many infertility problems are due to the lack of production or maturation of oocytes. The most common are the following:
- Lacking of ovulation (anovulation) often caused by hormonal problems. The process of formation, maturation, release and implementation of the ovules in the uterus involves a number of hormones. The main ones are the following: follicle stimulating hormone which enables ovules to mature and hatch in the ovarian; luteinizing hormone which opens ovarian envelope, allowing the egg to be released into the fallopian tube; estrogens and progesterone that condition the ovary for the ovule to be implanted properly; prolactin is the hormone that triggers milk production.
A deficiency or excess of hormones may be responsible for many cases of infertility in women. For example, too much prolactin can prevent women from getting pregnant.
- Polycystic ovary: The ovaries are blocked by multiple fluid-filled cysts.
- Problems that prevent contact between sperm and ovum: As we have seen, both sperm and egg have a long way to get in touch. Often female infertility is due to the presence of barriers that prevent sperm and ovum to get into contact.
Among the most common causes of female infertility we can include the obstruction of the fallopian tubes, which prevent the passage of the ovum to the uterus. These blockages are caused because of congenital malformations usually as a result of various infections. The latter are responsible for the development of pelvic adhesions or fibrous scars.
Among the most common abnormalities that can cause these blockages we can point out the following:
- Birth Defects: Occlusions caused by congenital defects are not too frequent but may occur occasionally.
- Weakness of muscles of the Fallopian tubes: Lack of strength of these muscles can in some cases be responsible for the ovules not to move.
- Endometriosis: It is a condition characterized by the growth of endometrial tissue (tissue lining the uterus) in areas outside of the lining of the uterus (endometrium)
When menstruation takes place, there is an irritation of the inflamed tissue and bleeding as though it was the real endometrium, causing much pain, infection and inflammation in the affected area and may even lead to infertility, abortion or ectopic pregnancies (those that occur outside the uterus). It usually affects the pelvic area outside the uterus (ovarian, bladder, fallopian tubes, bowel, rectum, etc.).
- Salpingitis: Inflammation of the fallopian tubes prevents movement of the ovules.
- Tumors: The development of tumors can be the cause of the obstructions
- Previous abortions or childbirths: these may be responsible for the development of scar tissue causing the obstruction.
- Pelvic Surgery: This type of surgery can also cause adhesions that prevent the movement of the ovules.
- Cervical or uterine neck problems: The cervix is the lower part of the uterus that connects the vagina with the body of the uterus or the uterus. This is an area of the uterus with thinner and flexible muscles always covered with a so-called cervical mucus secretions. On the one hand these secretions block the passage of microorganisms into the uterus, on the other hand, they help the sperm to reach the uterus.
There may be a number of anomalies in the area to prevent the passage of sperm. Sometimes there are obstructions or narrowings (cervical stenosis). These are mainly caused by bacterial infections, in most cases chlamydia (Chlamydia trachomatis) and other sexually transmitted diseases, such as genital herpes, syphilis, lymphogranuloma venereum, granuloma inguinale and chancroid, caused by Haemophilus ducreyi. Less often are caused by the bacterium Neisseriagonorrhoeae, that produces the gonorrhea.
These infections can produce cervicitis or inflammation of the cervix or, eventually, they can cause deep ulceration scars which obstruct the area. Less frequently, obstruction of the cervix are due to congenital causes or the presence of tumors in this area.
Other times, it is the nature or quantity of cervical mucus which hinders the passage of sperm. Sometimes the texture is too thick -to the point that it prevents the passage-, in others there is very little mucus so that sperm can not progress. Many infections are responsible for the decrease in the amount of mucus produced.
- Incompatibility: In some cases the fertility problem is not due to specific problems of women or men, but because of a problem of immunity. In this case, the woman's cervical mucus contains antibodies that identify sperm as foreign to the body of the woman and it is detained in the cervix.
- Emotional problems: the presence of emotional problems can lead to infertility by preventing adequate ovulation in women.
Ingestion of tobacco, alcohol or coffee: They can lead to decreased fertility. Alcohol during pregnancy is responsible for some cases where pregnancy is not carried out. Coffee reduces the chances of pregnancy in women. Similarly, the intake of foods containing caffeine can lead to the same consequences
- Unknown causes: there is 5% of couples who fail to conceive with no apparent cause to explain this infertility.
The natural treatment of the infertility involves the use of a series of natural resources that help increase fertility in men or women.
More information on the infertility and its natural treatment in the listing above
This material is for informational purposes only. In case of doubt, consult the doctor.