Plant Magazine of Botanical-online September 2017

Natural remedies

FENUGREEK USES

Trigonella foenum-graecum

How is fenugreek consumed?

Due to the limited use of this grain in the West, this is a very common question among the discoverers of this grain.

A bag of fenugreek
In the picture: a packet of fenugreek. The most common format that fenugreek can be purchased.

The first feature that can call the attention of this grain is its pungent aroma and bitter taste.

Actually, we may have consumed this food with the curry mixture, because fenugreek is responsible for the bitterness of some of these spice blends.

Fenugreek in the Mediterranean diet appears in Egyptian papyri 1.500aC. However, nowadays, usually with little culture of culinary tradition, we do not know how to introduce this food on our plates.

Fenugreek usage in food

- Fenugreek sprouts: ideal for taking in salad. Seeds are soaked for 12 hours and kept at room temperature (20 º C approx.) For 4-6 days. They are eaten raw, having a spicy flavor that can be added to salads.

- Aromatic spice: ground grain or flour of fenugreek. When ground, the seeds can be added to curry and mango chutney. Also serve to flavor brines and spice mixtures . The bitter taste of the seeds goes well with breads of all kinds, vegetables, couscous, soups, salads, dressings, pickled vegetables, dried apricots or nuts.

- Toasted seeds: some advise to lightly toast the grain so as to peel all its flavor, when cooked. However, if we exceed cooking, this will emphasize too much the bitter taste of fenugreek.

- Seeds with nuts: a very healthy way to combine healthy fenugreek fruit and dried fruit.

- Cooked seeds: used roasted previously. As simple as adding our seeds to stews, cooking baked, stewed, boiled vegetables, steamed vegetables, etc.. It is recommended to combine with other spices to soften the bitter taste.

- In sauces, stews and soups: if something can be taken into consideration from the food industry, or something that this industry has plagiarized from the traditional use of fenugreek is to employ it as a thickener. You should use the fenugreek flour (ground seeds) and add a small amount to your culinary preparation you want thicken. It provides color, thickness and flavor to rice, casseroles, stews, soups, sauces, etc..

Fenugreek in Gastronomy

We propose a gastronomic journey through the history of this grain, so as to know how it is cooked and combined with foods and spices, and to introduce it in our food.

- Saltah: national dish of Yemen in the Middle East. It consists of a beef stew (Maraq) prepared with hulbah sauce and a spicy sauce (sahowqa - containing chilli, tomato, garlic and other aromatics). It is served with rice, potatoes or vegetables and eaten with typical Yemeni flatbread. The origin of this dish comes from Turkey, its neighbor, in former Ottoman Turkish raids into Yemen. Subsequent Yemeni modifications configured saltah Recipe .

- Hilbeh or hulbah sauce, This sauce is the Yemeni national cooking. It is prepared with fenugreek and chilies.

- Ghormeh Sabzi: vegetable stew (usually beans) of Persian origin. Cook the vegetables with a mixture of vegetables and herbs. This mixture of vegetables can vary widely in their ingredients, although mainly contains sautéed spinach, leek, onion, parsley, cilantro and ground fenugreek (shambalileh). Served with pilaf rice.

- Sabzi khordan: salad also of Persian origin. Made with basil, fresh coriander leaves, fenugreek beans, onion, mint and radish.

- Tarka dal: vegetable dish originating from India, which is flavored with a blend of spices including fenugreek.

- Methi Naan: yeast bread typical of India. Methi means fenugreek, and Naan is the name given to this type of bread.

- Seeds fries: when the seed germinates, in some areas of South India, they fry fenugreek seedlings (when the germinated only has two leaves) and served as an appetizer. It tastes very bitter to Western palates that are not usually used.

Traditional spice blends

Undoubtedly medicinal spices have exerted an important role in food for centuries. A sample of the importance spices have had in culture can be found in the wide variety of traditional aromatic blends, especially in Eastern populations, from which many aromatic plants come from.

Because of its bitter taste, fenugreek is an essential ingredient in these mixtures. This is due not only to the tradition of consumption in these countries, but also to the properties that Ayurveda and Chinese medicine give to the combination of sweet, salty, sour and bitter, where fenugreek plays an important role.

- Fenugreek is part of curry in India, known as garam masala, to which it gives a peculiar bitterness.

- It is one of the ingredients in the Tamil spice mix sambaar Podi, consumed in South India. This mix contains lentils, coriander seeds, chili and fenugreek seeds. In the West is known as Sambhar mix.

- This bitter seed is also an essential ingredient in Bengali five spice mix Phoron Paanch (Paanch meaning five, and Phoron means spices). It is a combination of cumin seeds, fennel, fenugreek and mustard in the same proportion.

- In Georgia and the entire Caucasus region, we can find the spice mixture Khmeli - suneli. In this case, you use the dried leaves or fenugreek plant. The herbs used are dill, cilantro, basil, bay, marjoram, fenugreek, parsley, saffron, black pepper, celery, thyme, hyssop, mint and chili.

- In Ethiopia there is a spice mix called Berbere or Berber, which is a mixture of dried red chilies, cumin, coriander, cloves, allspice, black pepper, cardamom, ground ginger, nutmeg, fenugreek and salt.

- Fenugreek is also part of the popular spice mix Raz el Hanout, originally from Morocco. Contains black pepper, coriander, cumin, cloves, cardamom, turmeric, cinnamon, ground ginger, nutmeg and red chillies.

punto rojo More information on fenugreek recipes .

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