CULTIVATION OF KUMQUAT
HOW TO GROW KUMQUATS
Characteristics of these plants
Kumquats (Fortunella spp.) are plants of the Rutaceae family - the same family of citrus.
Small-sized evergreen shrubs (up to 4m. Height). Very branched and with or without thorns. Leaves simple, alternate, entire and glabrous.
kumquats are eaten whole, with the skin.
Species or classes of kumquats
- Kumquat 'Nagami "(elongated fruit) Fortunella margarita = Citrus margarita. It is the most widespread in Europe.
- Kumquat "Marumi" (rounded off): Fortunella japonica. Sensitive to cold, with very prominent glands in the skin.
- Kumquat "Meiwa" (large and elongated fruits): Fortunella crassifolia. Cold resistant. It is the most appreciated and consumed in the East.
- Kumquat "Hong Kong wild": Fortunella hindsii. Grown in Hong Kong.
- "Limequats": This is the kumquat species hybridization with lime (Citrus aurantiifolia). Yellow skin.
- Plants from subtropical climates. They need a hot summer (25-35 º C).
- They do not tolerate drought or frost, although they tolerate the cold better than the orange. They remain dormant in winter, and grows very slowly in cold periods.
- They can grow in full sun or partial shade.
- Type of soil: moist, sandy loam or clay.
- Reaction soil: soil pH between 6 to 6.5.
- Fertile soils rich in organic matter.
- The lack of water during summer reduces the formation of new shoots.
- In summer and late summer, it is important to water to increase flowering and fruit production.
SEXUAL REPRODUCTION BY SEEDS
- Sow the seeds in warm bed in spring (March-April).
- Germination occurs during the next 4-6 weeks.
- Repot the plant in individual pots when measuring at least 3cm.
- Grow in the greenhouse for at least their first winter. Protect from frost.
- Transplant with stake (50cm. depth) in the final place in late spring or early summer. Maintain a spacing of 5-6 meters between each tree so that each plant can have all the necessary nutrients from the soil.
- They are very slow growing plants, so they are often reproduced by grafting on trifoliate orange (Poncirus trifoliata), or on citron (Citrus medica)
More information about properties of kumquat in the listing above
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This material is for informational purposes only. In case of doubt, consult the doctor.