CULTIVATION OF LIME
HOW TO GROW KEY LIMES
Characteristics of the plant
- Evergreen tree up to 4m. tall.
- The trunk with many branches, thin branches and thorns.
- Leaves alternate, simple, entire, oblong-ovate and glabrous, very aromatic.
- Flowers solitary or in corymbs axillary, hermaphrodites, or white petals with purple tones.
- A lime is the fruit (fleshy berry) in size and shape similar to a lemon, with bright green skin that turns yellow when ripe. The skin is a little thick compared to other citrus such as oranges or lemons. The flesh is juicy, sweet and very acidic.
- Trees can last for years and are productive until age 12.
- Limequats / Citrangequat (Fortunella spp x C. aurantiifolia): results from the hybridization of species of kumquat with the file. The result is very small fruits with yellow skin, which are consumed as kumquats, with the skin.
- Persian or Tahiti Lime: the variety grown in Mexico, USA, Brazil and India. It has thorns on the branches. Resistant to cold, but not like the lemon. With few seeds.
- It can grow in full sun or partial shade.
- Protected from the wind.
- Resistant to cold, but not like the lemon.
- It is favored by warm, humid climates.
- It tolerates drought.
- Type of soil: sandy loam, calcareous.
- Reaction soil: optimal soil pH between 6 to 6.5. It tolerates a range of 5 to 8.3.
- Fertilizer: Fertile soils rich in organic matter (It is not recommended to fertilize with manure).
- Seedlings (when the seed germinates) are very sensitive to water: not to over water.
- The lack of water during the summer reduces the formation of new shoots.
- In summer and late summer, it is important to water to increase flowering and fruit production.
Generally lime reproduces asexually, by budding in other trees such as lemon, orange, or citron (Citrus medica).
SEXUAL REPRODUCTION FROM SEEDS
- Sow the seeds in warm bed in spring (March-April).
- Germination occurs the 4-6 weeks.
- Repot the plant in individual pots when measuring at least 3cm.
- Grow in the greenhouse for at least their first winter. Protect from frost.
- Transplant with stake (50cm. depth) in the final place in late spring or early summer. Maintain spacing of 5-6 meters between each tree so that each plant has all the nutrients from the soil.
Plagues and diseases
- Fungal infections (especially if the weather is too wet or over-watering)
More information about lime in the listing above
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This material is for informational purposes only. In case of doubt, consult the doctor.