Plant Magazine of Botanical-online September 2017

Natural remedies

Malaria natural treatment

MALARIA

What is malaria?

Malaria is a serious and important disease. It affects hundreds of millions of people thousands of years ago. It is estimated that every year between 300 and 500 million people are infected by this disease.

Malaria is also known with other names, such as blackwater fever, tertian malaria, quartan malaria, plasmodium, biduoterian fever or falciparum malaria.

Most of those affected with malaria are children.

Approximately 2% of infected people die each year (about two million people). These values ​​represent a death every 15 seconds.

Characteristics of malaria

Malaria is a type of parasitic disease mainly characterized by the presence of a number of symptoms such as fever, anemia, and flulike symptoms such as muscle pain, chills, etc..

These symptoms occur in a period of between 10 and 28 days after infection, although they may appear in a longer period of between 8 days and one year. (* More information on Malaria symptoms in the listing above)

How is malaria transmitted?

Malaria transmission occurs by means of Anopheles mosquitoes infected by malaria parasites. These mosquitoes can bite some people, causing them this disease. Mosquitoes transmit it through their saliva.

There are other less common forms of transmission of malaria. It can also be passed from an infected mother to the fetus. Some people get infected through blood transfusions with infected blood. (* More information on Malaria contagion in the listing above)

* Related information: Malaria prevention

How does malaria take place?

Once the infection has taken place, malaria parasites (sporozoites) are fixed in the liver. In the liver, they become merozoites which are dumped into the bloodstream.

Once in the blood, they fixe themselves in red blood cells, where they reproduce, producing the breakage of red blood cells after about 24 or 72 hours. This expansion causes a breakage of parasites in the blood and the infection of red blood cells.

Whenever this breakage occurs, the infected patient has the proper symptoms of the disease

Parasites that cause infection belong to the family Plasmodidae and the genus Plasmodium. There are several subtypes, classes and nearly 200 species, five of which infect humans causing malaria.

Species that can transmit malaria

The five species that can infect us are:

- Plasmodium falciparum.

- Plasmodium vivax.

- Plasmodium malariae.

- Plasmodium ovale.

- Plasmodium knowlesi.

malaria types parasites

The infection caused by Plasmodium falciparum is the most serious of all, since it is the one that affects more number of red blood cells. Also, once symptoms appear, it is capable of causing death within hours, unless the right treatment is provided quickly.

The infection caused by Plasmodium vivax, however, shows its symptoms much later. They may take several months to appear.

Plasmodium malariae and Plasmodium ovale appear less frequently. In parts of Malaysia and parts of south-east Asia, another type, called Plasmodium knowlesi, has also been ranked

Fever comparative graphs for different types of parasites.

Where is malaria more important?

Typically, these mosquitoes live in areas where the climate is hot and humid, that's to say, in tropical or subtropical areas and especially in the less developed countries, such as parts of Africa (especially in sub-Saharan Africa), South and central America, South Asia, parts of the Middle East, Oceania, etc..

The emergence of this disease in developed areas is usually due to infection by people travelling from the original areas. Although, every day there is an increased risk of involvement, malaria represents no great problem to heal because developed countries have more medical resources.

Furthermore, although the infection may occur in temperate countries because the mosquito can live in good times, the mosquito dies when weather becomes colder, so it can not transmit malaria. This is the reason why, malaria can not become an epidemic disease in these countries.

In contrast, the aforementioned countries, without many medical resources, are suffering a chronic anemia, yet more complications arise, since drugs hitherto used to cure this disease are no longer effective as they were initially.

This happens because some parasites that carry malaria have developed a resilience to these drugs. They are resistant to them and do not die when people apply insecticides to kill them. In turn, if that was not enough, the mosquitoes, that once were infected, can not only spread malaria from person to person through their bite, but the have also generated a specific resistance to certain types of insecticides used so far to counteract and eliminate them.

* Related information: Malaria medication

punto rojo More information on malaria in the listing above

Other interesting articles

This material is for informational purposes only. In case of doubt, consult the doctor.
"Botanical" is not responsible for damages caused by self-medication.

© 1999-2017 Botanical-Online SL. All rights reserved.

Mobile version