PLANTS AND NUTRIENTS
Micronutrients and micronutrients in plants food
Choosing plants as the base of our diet is choosing a natural food plan that will provide health and well-being and will prevent many diseases.
A diet rich in vegetables can supply the basic nutrients to build or rebuild our body and the energy it uses. The nutrients supplied by plants can be macronutrients and micronutrients, depending on the amount the body needs them to be taken.
Micronutrients are needed in small quantities, they are vitamins and minerals. Even though, they are needed in small quantities, its deficiency leads to some very well-known diseases. For example, lack of vitamin A can the the cause of night blindness. Iron deficiency is generally the reason for the appearance of anemia.
Macronutrients are considered like this because the body needs them in larger amounts. They are carbohydrates, fat and proteins.
Carbohydrates are the fuel that when burning, supplies power to the body (calories). Daily need of calories will vary depending on the type of work done, but in general, an adult man with moderate activity needs between 2500 and 4000 calores, and a woman between 2100 and 3000. Carbohydrates provide less calories than fat (4 calories per gram the first and 9 calories per gram the latter).
The role of carbohydrates is to provide energy. The body needs approximately 100 g of carbohydrates daily. They are very important in world food, because they represent about 55% of the total food consumption in developed countries, and more than 80% in underdeveloped countries. We can find them in vegetals and they are not found within the animal products, except in milk and eggs. The following table shows the main types of carbohydrates and some of its characteristics.
More information on other nutrients.
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This material is for informational purposes only. In case of doubt, consult the doctor.