PLANT MAGAZINE

 

 

 

Botany articles

 

MALAGUETTA PEPPER

(Aframomum melegueta)

 





 

Common English name: Malaguetta pepper, Grains of Paradise, Guinea grains, Alligator pepper, Ginny grains, Greater cardamom

- Spanish: granos del paraíso, semillas del paraíso, pimienta, pimienta melegueta, pimienta de Guinea, malagueta, pimienta de Tabasco, pimienta africana o pimienta murciélago.
- French: Graines de paradis, Poivre de Guinée, Maniquette
- Italian: Grani of Meleguetta
- German: Guineapfeffer, Paradieskörner, Meleguetapfeffer
- Turkish: Afrika kakulesi

Scientific name: Aframomum melegueta K. Schum.
- Aframomum meleguetella
- Amomum meleguetta

Family: Zingiberaceae.

Habitat: Plant from the west coast of Africa, particularly in the Gulf of Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone today.

 

Botanical description of Grains of Paradise

Grains of Paradise or Malagueta (Aframomum melegueta) are the seeds of a plant native to tropical Africa, of the Zingiberaceae family and a relative of cardamom and ginger.

Like other Zingiberaceae, Malagueta rhizome (underground stems) can have a growth that can reach up to 1 meter long, forming large colonies.

The aerial stems are erect , solid and yellowish green.

Its leaves are compound, long and narrow, about 25 centimeters long and 2.5 centimeters wide.

The inflorescences are solitary. Flowers arising directly from the rhizome at the base of the plant. The flowers are simple pink lilies .

The fruit is a fibrous capsule, about 3 inches long, ovoid and reddish brown. It contains within it a sour taste gelatinous pulp with brown seeds.

The seeds are small, irregular, and numerous, brown, arranged inside the fruit. Between 3 and 4 millimeters.

All parts of the plant (roots, flowers and fruits) give off a strong aroma due to the hot resin plant. Its smell reminds ginger.

 

 

Etymology of Megetta and grains of paradise

 

The origin of the names Malagueta Malaguetta, melegueta, Mellegetta or Meligetta comes from the time when this species was formerly marketed. The melegueta was transported through the wilderness of the west coast of Africa to the coast ports of Tripoli, where the ancient African empire Melle resided.

Other sources report that this is a term derived from bad people, the designation applied by the Portuguese to the people who gave the seeds.

Grains of Paradise is the name applied to him because of the high interest as a spice.

Melegueta Pepper is also known as 'famu wisa' in Africa, to distinguish it from 'soro wisa' (Pimenta dioica).

Note: Not to be confused with paradise grana or cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum), a plant of the same family. The name Malagueta is common with Allspice (Pimenta dioica).

 

Botanical classification
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Tracheobionta
Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta
Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta
Flower plants
Class Magnoliopsida
Dicotyledons
Subclass Commelinidae
Order Zingiberales
Family Zingiberaceae
Subfamily Alpinioideae
  Alpinieae
Gender Aframomum
Species A. melegueta

 

 

 


In the picture above: stem and leaves of Malagueta.
.


In the images above: entire flower with bracts (1), outside the limb of the corolla (2)
.


In the picture above: fresh fruit and cross section (right).


In the picture above: dried whole fruit and seeds.

 

 

More information about malagetta pepper and other types of peppers in the listing above

Natural foods

Acai / Agar agar / Amaranth/ Anise / Apple / Apricot / Artichoke / Arugula / Asparagus / Avocado / Banana / Barley / Bay / Beans / Blackberry / Blackcurrant / Black pepper / Blueberry / Broccoli / Brussels sprout / Buckwheat / Cabbage / Caraway / Carrot / Cashew / Cauliflower / Cayenne pepper / Celery / Chard / Chayote / Cherimoya / Cherry / Chestnut / Chia / Chickpea / Chicory / Cinnamon / Clove / Common beet / Coconut / Coffee / Corn / Courgette / Cucumber / Cumin / Dandelion / Date / Durian / Eggplant / Endive / Fenugreek / Fig / Garlic / Ginger / Goji berry /Grapes / Grapefruit / Guarana / Guava / Hazelnut / Jackfruit / Kiwifruit / Kumquat / Lentils / Lime / Maca / Macadamia nuts / Mango / Melon / Mushroom / Oats / Olives / Onion / Papaya / Parsley / Peach / Pear / Peanut / Pepper / Persimmon / Prickly pear /Pineapple / Plum / Pomegranate / Potato / Pumpkin / Quince / Quinoa / Raisin / Raspberry / Red cabbage / Redcurrant / Rice / Rye / Soy / Spinach / Strawberry/ Sunflower seeds / Sweet potato / Tamarind / Tarragon / Tea / Thistle / Tomato / Turnip /Walnut / Watercress / Watermelon / Wheat / Yam (purple) / Yam (wild)/


This material is for informational purposes only. In case of doubt, consult the doctor.
"Botanical" is not responsible for damages caused by self-medication.

   

 


www.botanical-online.com

 

The world of plants

Design:
www.dibujosparapintar.com