Prostate cancer characteristics
Natural medicine for prostate cancer
PROSTATE CANCER SYMPTOMS
What is prostate cancer?
PROSTATE CANCER is a type of cancer that can occur in men aged 60 years on and exceptionally before 40.
In Spain, 90% of cases diagnosed are over 65, and is the second most abundant type of cancer in men after lung cancer.
The prostate is a gland responsible for producing seminal fluid. It is located in the neck of the bladder and urethra and only men possess it.
This type of cancer occurs when a mass of cancer cells around the prostate grows.
If not treated early, the cancer cells can leak into the surrounding tissues and reproduce the tumor (metastasis).
You should not mistake it with benign prostatic hyperplasia, which is an impairment caused by aging itself.
Risk factors for prostate cancer
- Advanced age (from 65 years on) is the main risk factor.
- Family history: People with first-degree relatives with prostate cancer are 2-3 times in greater risk of developing this cancer.
- Race: There is an increased incidence of this cancer among African American men. In these populations, it may occur at an earlier age (from 50-54 years).
- Genetics: People carrying the BRCA -1 gene are more likely to have this cancer.
- Some hypotheses suggest that vitamin D deficiency may increase the risk of prostate cancer. It has been observed that mortality from this cancer is higher in countries with low sun exposure, the main source of vitamin D (also known as the sunshine vitamin).
Whom does prostate cancer affect?
Prostate cancer is a relatively common disease in men aged 60 years, and the incidence increases with age.
It does Not usually appear before 40.
Prostate cancer is the most common cause of cancer death in men over 75 years.
Prostate cancer is less common in men who follow vegetarian diets.
How do you know you've got prostate cancer?
Symptoms of prostate cancer are similar to those of benign prostatic hyperplasia, so if you have the following symptoms, more tests are needed to determine if the cause is a malignant cancer:
- Difficulty urinating (Due to the pressure of the tumor on the urethra)
- Urinary tract infections or burning when urinating
- Little but often micturition
- Urinating 2 or 3 times during the night
- Greater difficulty starting urination
- Dribbling at end of urination
- Urinary incontinence that occurs with loss of urine constantly
- Worsening of earlier symptoms
- Blood in the urine or seminal fluid
Diagnosis of Prostate Cancer
Various medical tests are needed to diagnose prostate cancer and rule out other diseases. These tests are performed:
- Digital rectal examination (DRE): To detect the size of the prostate and check for bumps. Its effectiveness is limited because it only detects tumors located in the posterior and lateral part of the prostate.
- Blood tests to determine the prostate-specific antigen (PSA).
- Urine test: to see if there is any blood, urinary tract infections or other abnormalities.
- Transrectal ultrasonography (TRUS) : an image of the prostate, useful for detecting small tumors is obtained. It can give false positives so it is never definitive proof.
- Prostate Biopsy: The definitive test to diagnose the disease.
Treatment of prostate cancer
Treatment depends on the state in which the disease is found. Early diagnosis significantly improves its effectiveness, and in advanced stages there is an increased risk of metastasis.
Depending on the medical judgment and patient condition different techniques may be suitable. In general it can be needed surgery (prostatectomy or removal of the prostate), radiation therapy, chemotherapy and / or hormonal therapy.
There are supplements, food plants and diet types that can help improve the effectiveness of the above treatments and the quality of life of patients with prostate cancer....
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This material is for informational purposes only. In case of doubt, consult the doctor.