(Stevia rebaudiana Bertoni)
CHARACTERISTICS OF STEVIA
Common English name: Stevia, sweetleaf, sweet leaf, sugarleaf, Sweet Leaf of Paraguay.
- Spanish / Castellano: Estevia, stevia, hierba dulce, yerba dulce, caajé.
- French / Français:: Stevia
- Catalan / Català: Estèvia
- Basque /Euskara: Nahi baduzu
- Portuguese / Português: Erva doce, estévia, folhas da stévia
- Galician / Galego: Erva doce, estévia, folhas da stévia
- Italian / Italiano: Stevia
- Romanian / Română: Stevia
- Turkish / Türkçe: Stevia
- Dutch /Nederlands: Honingkruid
- German / Deutsch: Süßkraut, Süßblatt, Honigkraut
- Polish /Polski: Stevia
- Danish / Dansk: Stevia
- Norwegian /Norsk bokmål: Sukkerblad
- Finnish /Suomi: Agaavet
- Swedish /Svenska: Sötflockel
- Etymology: The name of the "rebaudiana" spice comes from Rebaudi Ovidio, who was a chemist from Paraguay who first analyzed the content of this plant in 1900.
Bertoni, comes from the Swiss scientist Moses Bertoni who was the discoverer of this species in Paraguay and began studies about it in the late nineteenth century.
Habitat: Originating from tropical America, it can be found in the wild in Paraguay, Brazil and Argentina in sunny locations with sandy acidic soils. In Paraguay Guarani he is known as "he'e ka'a" of "OcaÃ ka'a" (grass) and "he'e" or "heh" (sweet).
Botanical description of stevia
Uses of stevia
- Edible plant: The leaves of this plant are edible. They can be prepared as a sweetener raw or cooked as a vegetable. (More information about food and recipes with stevia properties in the listing above)
The cultivation of stevia
From this country, it was introduced into China and other countries.
In America the main producing countries are Canada, United States, Brazil, Mexico, Argentina, Bolivia and Peru. In Asia, the main producing country is China, which is also the largest producer in the world.
In Europe, the main countries are Spain and France.
Japan is the largest consumer of stevia in the world. In this country, the consumption of stevia represents almost half of all sweeteners used.
Distribution and sale of stevia
This plant was banned in the United States in 1991 by the Food and Drug. Later, in 1995, its use as a food supplement was approved, and can be found in pharmacies or health food stores.
From the year 2008 on it could be used in Spain as a food sweetener.
In China and Brazil it is used to make drugs. In these countries and elsewhere in Central Asia its use is widespread.
In Europe it is a plant that is less known, though gradually it is acquiring a greater interest in it. In this continent, it has established a moratorium prohibiting their sale as a supplement until the relevant studies show that their use is completely safe.
However, many products sold in European countries contain stevia as a sweetener. Most studies conducted so far has shown that it is a safe product.
More information on toxicity and properties of stevia in the listing above.
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This material is for informational purposes only. In case of doubt, consult the doctor.