prevent catching swine flu
TIPS TO PREVENT OR TREAT SWINE FLU
How is flu spread?
Can the contagion of flu be prevented?
Swine flu occurs when our defenses are not capable of overcoming the virus that attacks our body. There is no specific medical treatment for this disease and medications that they could be used to alleviate the symptoms of it.
Human swine influenza has recently appear. Some of the following measures have not yet been confirmed by the WHO (World Health Organization).
However, it has been demonstrated that all of them are suitable for the treatment of seasonal flu, which could also be useful in this new strain of flu.
Measures recommended by the WHO
- Maintain good hand hygiene: hand contact with the mouth, nose or eyes is one of the most likely to spread. Also it occurs in a direct way or through the food we eat.
Proper washing with soap and water, alcohol or water in which they were dissolved a few drops of bleach, before handling food and before eating is a good way to prevent microorganisms from entering our body.
This advice is especially necessary whenever one returns home, especially when living in large cities and situations of infection are more likely (touching stair railings, doorknobs, handles in the subways or buses, telephones etc.)
- Avoid crowded closed spaces: In these places the risk of infection is much larger. For example, walking on foot to work whenever possible, instead of taking the bus or subway, avoid department stores, crowds, etc. It is a good way to protect against the cold.
In children attending day care centers, schools is a cause that produces the infection. The fewer children is the center the lower the chances of getting sick. In places where outbreaks of infection health authorities may close the meeting places such as schools, cinemas, department stores, soccer fields, etc.
- Use face mask or respirator: When people have to travel or being in places where the infection may be the best way to avoid this is using a mask. Masks can be purchased at pharmacies.
- Do not kiss or shake hands: This way you avoid one of the main forms of contact.
- General prophylactic measures, though not recommended by WHO:
- Ventilate rooms: Although we have heating, a fifteen minute ventilation of the rooms in our house is essential to aerate it and permit the microorganisms not to be so concentrated.
- Do not abuse antibiotics: Excessive use of antibiotics causes the microorganisms to become resistant to medication and more difficult to remove. We must never self-medicating. Furthermore, the use of antibiotics it is not indicated for the treatment of this disease except for patients at risk where complications can occur, such as bronchitis, pneumonia or sinusitis.
- Maintain proper humidity level: A dry environment in the respiratory mucosa is the best way to provide the proper place for the development of microorganisms. Using a humidifier or vaporizer during the winter, especially in places with heating, is a good way to increase humidity and keep the nasal passages from drying out. Another good way to keep moisture better is to eat plenty of fluids, such water or juice or liquid form of vegetables, especially those that are rich in vitamin C or antioxidants.
- Give up smoking: Tobacco facilitates the emergence of flu by reducing the body's defenses. Numerous studies have shown that smokers are twice as likely compared to those who do not smoke. Similarly those who are not smokers should avoid places where smoking is permitted, given that passive smokers are also more likely to become infected.
- Let the body rest: The body needs all his strength to fight the disease, so the flu requires bed rest.
- Reduce stress: Tension, nervousness, lack of peace of mind are factors that enable the emergence of slow healing or diminish the body's defenses. A more positive attitude will increase the defenses and promote a more speedy recovery.
- Fever is necessary: Fever is a resource that has the body to prevent the virus from reproducing easily. A fever that does not exceed 38 º C should not be treated with antipyretics. Similarly, sweating is necessary to reduce body temperature. It's normal to sweat when you have flu.
- Coughing is necessary: A cough is a resource that the body has to expel microorganisms. You should not completely eliminate your cough. It should be treated only when it is excessive or does not let you sleep at night.
More information on the swine flu and its natural treatment in the listing above
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This material is for informational purposes only. In case of doubt, consult the doctor.