What is tonsillitis?
The term "tonsillitis" means inflammation of the tonsils.
From a medical standpoint, it refers specifically to inflammation that occurs in the area immediately behind the mouth and which corresponds to the pharynx.
This is therefore, in reality, a form of pharyngitis, which affects both the mucosa of the pharynx as to the own tonsils. In fact, in most cases, when pharyngitis occurs, it also commonly produces tonsillitis.
What are the tonsils?
Tonsils are the oval and thickened masses which are located on both sides of the pharynx at the end of the mouth, in the area that is known as oropharynx on both sides of the uvula.
The tonsils are lymph nodes. They consist of lymphocytes or white blood cells that are designed to protect the throat against the organisms that can access it.
In most cases, the pathogenic microorganisms affecting the tonsils are viruses of the common cold type, but it may also be caused by bacteria
When invaded, the tonsils become inflamed, increasing in size and becoming red, such as the area surrounding them. In many cases, pus, spots or plaques attached to the tonsils appears. Yellow secretions may also appear on the tonsils.
Symptoms of angina
Among the many symptoms of angina, we have the following:
- Difficulty in swallowing
- Nausea or vomiting
- Swollen lymph nodes in the neck
- Red eyes
- Loss of voice
Causes of angina
- The tonsils are caused by bacteria or viruses. Among the first, the main one is "Streptococcus pyogenes" that is the cause of strep throat.
Among the most important virus that can cause anginas are the following:
- The flu virus
- Herpes virus
- The adenovirus
- The virus of acute infectious mononucleosis (Epstein-Barr virus)
- The Vincent's angina
Diagnosis of angina
The diagnosis of angina is made by a patient questionnaire in which the physician is informed about the possible symptoms that may cause tonsillitis.
The diagnosis often includes a medical examination of the throat, nose, ears, and auscultation of the chest.
Sometimes, the doctor has to take a sample of secretions of the tonsils. It is needed to discover if mononucleosis, strep throat or any other serious problem is involved.
These types of angina require special treatment to avoid serious repercussions as a possible endocarditis.
When you should go to the doctor?
Usually a sore throat pain is usually mild. There is a simple red or transient pain, which disappears quickly. In this case no physician intervention is needed. In most cases angina can be cured in two or three days with-the-counter medicines such as paracetamol or ibuprofen pills. (Aspirin should only be provided to adults, never to children)
However, it is important to see a doctor if there is pus, when the neck lymph nodes appear swollen or painful, if you have plaques or pus discharge on the tonsils, if angina pain lasts longer than 48 hours or if there is difficulty swallowing or couple breathing.
Likewise, seek medical attention if symptoms of angina, instead of diminishing, are increasing or if other symptoms different to those of tonsillitis occur during this disease period.
Complications of tonsillitis
Tonsillitis do not usually produce any complications since it usually heals easily. However, there may be a series of complications that must be considered. The most important are:
- Difficulty breathing and swallowing.
- Expansion of the infection to other areas of the mouth, neck and chest.
- Expansion of infection to the pharynx.
- Rheumatic fever can affect the heart, joints, skin and brain.
- Renal impairment and kidney damage.
- Dehydration from difficulty swallowing
Treatment of angina
In case of infection by bacteria, the official treatment is performed with antibiotics to eliminate these pathogens. such as penicillin.
If tonsillitis is produced by viruses, antibiotics are ineffective and should not be taken. The body must eliminate the infection itself.
In either case, the doctor may also prescribe antipyretics for fever, anti-inflammatory drugs to reduce inflammation of the throat and relieve pain. It is also advised to do the following:
- Making gargles with salt water.
- Staying at bet
- Drinking plenty of fluids. They should be warm, not hot.
- You can suck something cold to reduce swelling
- Eating soft foods (soups, puddings, stewed fruits, etc..) And avoiding spicy food or hard food.
The natural treatment of angina involves using a series of natural remedies that can help prevent or treat this disease
More information on tonsillitis remedies and other respiratory diseases in the listing above.
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This material is for informational purposes only. In case of doubt, consult the doctor.