Plant Magazine of Botanical-online September 2017

Natural remedies

Iris family

Iris family (Iridaceae)

The iris family -iridaceae- comprises about 1800 species of bulbous or rhizomatous plants which mainly grow in Africa, America and Mediterranean region.

Because of their importance in floriculture, many of their members can be seen as cultivated species throughout the world.

Leaves (1): basal or stem, glabrous, sword-shaped, embracing the stem below.

IRIS FAMILY

Flowers:

At the end of the stem, solitary or in cymes.

Perianth: Looking like petals (tepals), with 3 segments outside, generally hanging (2) and 3 inside usually straight (standards) (3)

Stamens: 3 with the filaments either joined or free.

Ovary: Inferior

Carpel: 3- celled

Stigmas: 3, petal -like, bending towards the stamens

Fruit: Capsule


Genera

There are about 70 genera. The most important ones are the following:

CROCUS
GINANDRIRIS
GLADIOLUS
GYNANDRYRUS
IRIS
IXIA
SISYRINCHIUM
VICIA

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