Properties of Ginseng
MEDICINAL PROPERTIES OF PANAX GINSENG
Drawing of the plant
Characteristics of ginseng
Common noun: Ginseng, Asian ginseng, Korean ginseng, Chinese ginseng Scientific Noun: Panax ginseng Meyer. The word "Panax" in Greek means cure. This word was formerly so named because it was believed that it cured everything.Family: Araliaceae
Habitat: From eastern Siberia, northeastern China and Korea where it can grow through the trees of pine and fir forests. It prefers shade exposure and a well-drained soil, though moist, and rich in humus. Because of the spoliation to which it has been subjected in their home countries, ginseng has become a genuine relic, that can hardly be found in original places. Russia has declared it a protected species.
Ginseng shortage, along with the peculiar characteristics of being a slow-growing species that often remains dormant, makes most of ginseng sold today not to be originally "wild". It comes from controlled crops, most of them from Asian countries (Korea, China and Japan mainly), American countries, such as Canada and the United States and some European countries like Germany and Bulgaria. The fame of this plant as a "cure" has determined that many specimens can be found cultivated in many gardens or terraces in many parts of the world.
Description of ginseng
It is a plant of the Araliaceae family up to 60 cm tall.
Composite leaves with five leaflets, serrated, in whorls.
Little showy green flowers gathered in umbels, flowering at the age of four. Red fruit in berry.