Heart attack or myocardial infarction occurs when blood does not reach any part of the heart and causes the death in some part of the heart muscle.
The reasons preventing the blood flow are clogged coronary artery plaques or the existence of a blood clot. When it occurs, most often produces pain, but sometimes it has no symptoms. Both forms may damage the heart and cause death to the person affected.
The injury caused in the heart depends on the amount of muscle involved and the time that there is no blood supply. A fifth of those who suffer heart attacks often pass away. The rest may suffer consequences or recover completely. The most critical period is the 2 hours following to it.
Symptoms of heart attack
Sometimes no symptoms appear , especially in older people and diabetes patients. However, the most important symptoms are:
- Chest pain, a little to the left of the sternum with radiation to left arm, jaw, ear, neck or back. When the pain lasts longer than 20 minutes, it is a signal that it can be an angina pectoris , which presents similar symptoms)
- Feeling of having gases.
- Acute pain, weight or chest tightness, shortness of breath.
Sometimes other symptoms can also occur as:
- Excessive sweating
Causes of heart attack
A heart attack occurs primarily because it exists in the coronary arteries a disease called atherosclerosis or arteriosclerosis . This produces the buildup of plaques that leads to the narrowing of the blood vessels.
When one of these plaques loosens, is dragged by the blood current, until it arrives at a too much narrow point where it can not pass. Therefore, it clogs the blood flow to the heart, so that some part of the hurt muscle receives less blood that needed. The cells of this part of the heart submitted to under irrigation do not get enough oxygen and die.
Among the factors that influence in the development of myocardial infarction we would mention the following:
- Infections of the heart, such as cardiovascular syphilis.
- Being male. However, above 60 years the odds between the two sexes are equalized
Diagnosis and treatment of heart attack
In front of symptoms that may indicate a heart attack, it is recommended a quick visit to a doctor or specialist who can diagnose its possible existence. The diagnosis can be done by different tests: Blood pressure, pulse, electrocardiograms, angiograms, stress testing, etc.
Once the diagnosis is accomplished , the doctor will decide the best course of treatment. ( aspirin, nitroglycerin sublingual, surgery, etc.) The severity of the heart attack will depend on the speed with which the patient is cared for, therefore this condition requires immediate medical attention
The natural treatment of myocardial infarction involves using a series of natural resources that help prevent disease or reduce its symptoms.