Consequences of too much hot weather
Effects of too much hot in your health
HEAT AND HEALTH
Characteristics of excessive heat
Excessive heat may pose a risk to the health of the elderly and to other people with personal problems. Heat sensation is related to humidity. When humidity is very high, thermal sensation is perceived higher than when humidity is low.
In general, it is considered that heat can be dangerous when the thermometer exceeding 35 º C in humid climates, which are those that occur in coastal areas. In continental climates, which are drier by nature, the threshold of danger begins when the temperature approaches 40 º C.
Excessive heat causes loss of water and minerals which also lead to dehydration of the body, physically manifested in the form of cramps, exhaustion, etc. Our body has its own mechanisms to eliminate body heat. It uses sweat to dissipate temperature.
Sometimes, however, it is unable to remove excessive heat. In these circumstances some bodily changes can take place. A Heat stroke is the most serious one, since it can have fatal consequences.
Who does hot weather especially affects to?
The following people may be affected by excessive heat:
- Young children.
- The elderly.
- Obese people.
- Those who are under medication, especially those who take medication for depression or diuretics.
- Those who work in hard jobs or those with a high exposure to sunlight.
- Those who perform physical exercise outdoors during the warmest hours.
Consequences of excessive heat
Excessive heat can cause the following conditions:
- Heat Stroke: Heat stroke or sunstroke is the most serious consequence of excessive heat. A heat stroke is the elevation of body temperature above normal levels (between 39.4 and 41 ° C) for periods of 10 to 15 minutes. This situation can cause serious damage to the body, even death. (More information in the listing above)
Heat exhaustion is the depletion that occurs as a result of the loss of water and mineral salts.
- Heat syncope: Heat Syncope is a fainting sensation or real fainting that occur as a result of very high heat. This is caused by poor blood supply to the brain tissues. This type of abnormality usually occurs in older people who may be injured when falling. To recover people affected by heat syncope it is important to place them with their legs raised.
To prevent it, it is necessary that older people drink enough fluids and change posture frequently, especially the position of their legs, preventing them to remain intertwined for a long time. They should take a walk from time to time.
If it occurs, it is necessary for the affected person not to be in contact with the sun. We should wet the sunburns with cold water and apply a sunburn cream.
- Rash: A heat rush is a type of dermatitis that involves the appearance of small spots on the chest, neck or joints, because of the excessive sweating that high temperatures produce.
- Cramps: Heat cramps occur in the muscles of the legs or arms as a result of the loss of mineral salts that take place because of excessive sweat. It occurs primarily in people doing very hard exercise, especially when it is very hot. If such a circumstance happens, it is important to put the patient in the shade. This should drink a liter of water divided into four doses every fifteen minutes for an hour. The affected area can be massaged to achieve a faster recovery and eliminate pain.
More information about heat and its natural treatment in the listing above.
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This material is for informational purposes only. In case of doubt, consult the doctor.