The heart is the engine that drives the blood into the body. It is an extremely vital and necessary organ for the body so the diseases affecting it are really serious. These conditions are especially abundant in the rich and industrialized countries where a quarter of all deaths are attributable to cardiovascular problems. More information
A cataract is an eye disease characterized by a loss of eyesight due to a lack of transparency of the crystalline lens. It is a vision problem that affects 75% of persons aged 70 years and can affect both an eye or both of them , equally or differently in each one. More information.
Celiac disease, sprue or gluten intolerance is a disease characterized by chronic intestinal malabsorption of gluten, which, by contact with the intestine, produces an inflammatory reaction in this part of the body, damaging it. People with this condition have a poor absorption of nutrients, thereby it affects their overall health. More information.
A cerebral embolism or stroke occurs when an embolus blocks a brain artery. A stroke cuts off blood to a part of the brain. If it persists for a certain time, it results in the death of the affected brain tissue, with very serious consequences not only for the brain itself but for other parts of the body, too. More information.
Coronary disease is caused by the obstruction of the coronary arteries that are those that carry blood to the heart. When a blood clot blocks the flow to a part of the heart, it produces a heart attack or myocardial infarction. When this obstruction is not complete, there is angina pectoris. More information.
CENTRAL SLEEP APNEA
The central sleep apnea is a sleep disorder that is characterized by pauses in breathing during sleep. Central sleep apnea is caused by a lack of communication between the brain that controls breathing and breathing muscles. More information.
A brain hemorrhage , known scientifically as intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), is a discharge of blood in the brain caused by the rupture of an artery in it. This is what is also known as cerebral hemorrhage. Cerebral hemorrhages are more harmful than strokes. More information.
Cerebral trombosis is a very serious type of thrombosis. It is produced by one or several thrombi that block a blood vessel in the brain or a blood vessel near it, preventing the tissues of the affected areas of the brain to be properly nourished with oxygen and nutrients. More information.
Chafing is superficial skin damage caused by rubbing because of the contact of the skin with abrasive surfaces. In chafing sometimes occur small wounds that are a possible form of entry of many microorganisms that can cause many diseases, some fatal, such as tetanus. Sometimes chaffing is the cause of blisters, which when they break, give free entrance to possible germs. More information.
Chemical poisoning is a poisoning produced by chemicals that affect human health. Chemical poisoning can be immediate by ingestion, inhalation or contact with any poisonous product. It can also attain a chronic form through a product that builds up slowly in our bodies. More information.
Chilblains are inflammations of the skin caused by a poor peripheral blood flow in distal parts of the body, such as fingers, toes, nose or ears. The level of aggression towards the skin is not so severe as that one caused by frostbite, although they may also ulcerate or crack. More information
Cholesterol is a waxy substance that appears in the blood and tissues of animals. It is a steroid which is necessary for the proper functioning of the body, in such important functions as the formation of vitamin D and hormones. However, an excess of it implies a deterioration of health. More information.
Cirrhosis is a chronic liver disease characterized by degeneration of liver cells. Normal liver cells are replaced by fibrous tissue and are unable to perform the functions of the liver (production of digestive enzymes, processing of hormones, fat metabolism, elimination of toxic products, etc.). The liver becomes inflamed, enlarged and stops working properly. More information.
Common cold is a respiratory illness caused by viruses. It is one of the most common illnesses which causes more casualties. Much more work absence either at workplaces or schools is also due to cold. It particularly affects young children who usually experience from three to eight episodes a year. More information.
Contact dermatitis is a type of non-infectious dermatitis produced by the reaction experienced by the skin to contact with an irritant substance. This type of reaction can occur immediately or after some time after the contact. It mainly affects adults and it usually does not extend beyond the irritated area unless it touches another part of the body. It is produced mainly in the feet, hands or groins. More information.
Skin cracks are channels in the skin that appear especially in the anus, lips, hands or in the breast. More information.
Crohn's disease a chronic inflammation of the intestine with the appearance of frequent or continuous intermittent episodes of diarrhea alternating with possible periods of constipation. Inflammation, which may appear anywhere in the digestive tract, tends to focus on the junction between the small intestine and the thick intestine, area known as ileus. More information.
Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is characterized by the fact that the person who suffers it presents a general tiredness and lack of energy that does not improve with rest and does not occur as a result of a particular disease. More information.
Crow's feet are very fine wrinkles that arise horizontally on both sides of the eyes . They are not a medical problem but they actually pose an aesthetic problem because people who own them seem older than they really are. They are the first wrinkles that occur on the face of people as they grow up. More information .
Cuts are wounds affecting the skin and sometimes they also affect the tissues that are underneath it. The depth of entry is what differentiates cuts from scratches. The latter affect only the skin surface. More information.
Dehydration is a pathological condition of the body caused by a low level of fluids in the body. This state has negative consequences in many parts of the body such as blood circulation, mental status, urine, etc. More information.
Depression is a condition characterized by a sad or miserable mood state. It shows a great intensity for a considerable period of time without apparent justification. It is a very common disease that affects about 3 to 4% of the population, being more common among women. It usually begins after age 40. More information.
Seborrheic dermatitis is an inflammation that occurs in the scalp or other areas of the body, such as the face, eyebrows, underarms or chest. It is characterized by the appearance of white or yellow scales of oily or dry nature. Its principal manifestations are known as dandruff and seborrhea. More information.
Diarrhea or Diarrhoea is considered an abnormal condition of the intestines in which frequent and fluid feces occur, generally accompanied with bowel movements and with little presence of solids. More information.
Dislocations are joint injuries that occur in the output of the bones of the joint, with consequent injury to the ligaments. As strains, they produce intense pain and distort the normal joint because the displacement of the bones, which must be put back in place to restore the area. More information.
Diverticulitis is the swelling or inflammation produced in one or more of the bags (= diverticula) in large intestine. Diverticula are bulging or hernias that occur in some people in the muscular walls of the large intestine. More information.
Diverticulosis is the presence of one or more bags (= diverticula) in the large intestine. These lumps or hernias occur in some people having the muscular walls of the large intestine inconsistent, as a result of internal pressure on them. More information.
Dry eyes are those which lack enough lubrication because of the absence of appropriate content in tears. This condition causes pain in your eyes, it is uncomfortable and may be responsible for eye injuries. More information.
Dry skin is a manifestation of the skin characterized by a lack of moisture. Apart from unsightly results, when excessive dryness appears in highly visible parts of the skin, it has negative consequences for the health of the skin itself and for the hair, producing rough skin and hair, scaly skin, cracking, irritation, peeling, etc. More information.
Double chin or jowls is referred to the sagging skin that hangs from the jaws, because of its lack of firmness. Its name derives from the fact that people who have it seem to posses a chin under the other, that is to say "a double chin". More information.
Duodenal ulcers are lesions of the mucous membranes lining the duodenum, which is the first part of the small intestine. This kind of digestive ulcer is the most common and mainly affects people between 20 and 40 years. More information.