The role of phytotherapy in the treatment of mouth ulcers is to use those plants with the following properties:
- Astringent plants , rich in tannins, than help heal the wounds
- Antiseptic plants to prevent possible infections
Important note: All these preparations are designed for external use, Since they present higher doses than if the same plants preparations were destined for internal use, it is recommended not to swallow them after mouth washing or gargling.
Among all the suitable plants we point out the following:
- Chamomile: (Matricaria chamomilla ) Because of its antiseptic properties fully charged infusions of chamomile are ideal for mouth washing to prevent infections that can cause canker sores. (Infusion of a half a tablespoon of flowers per cup of water. Perform mouthwash. Do not swallow. Highly charged chamomile tea is vomitive)
- Licorice (Glycyrrhiza glabra) The root of this plant has antispasmodic and anti-inflammatory properties of the gastric mucosa. (Infusion of a teaspoon of crushed dried root per cup of water. Perform rinses)
However, it has ben proved the greatest ability of preparations with DGL licorice (licorice without glicirrina) to counteract stomach acid and neutralize excess acidity. This property is especially useful for applying treatments in cases where action is required to reduce stomach acid such as heartburn, stomach ulcer, esophageal or mouth sores. (3 Chewing licorice wafers without glicirrina about three times a day) (See full study toxicity of the plant)
-Pomegranate (Punica granatum) Pomegranate is adequate in external use for the treatment of skin diseases for its antibacterial and astringent properties to promote healing and protect against infection (decoction of three tablespoons of dried bark per liter of water for 10 minutes. Perform a mouthwash with this decoction)
- Sage (Salvia officinalis) Because of its healing and bactericide properties, it is interesting to
do an infusion of half a tablespoon of dried herb. Perform mouthwash.
- Aronia (Aronia melanocarpa) Being antibacterial and antiviral, aronia juice is very good for mouth ulcers (Take an aronia fruit supplement)
- Echinacea (Echinacea spp.) It is a great bactericide. It helps healing wounds. (Make a mouthwash liquid with the fresh plant. Dilute a few drops of tincture in water and do mouthwashes)
- Arnica (Arnica montana) Perform rinses with liquid from the infusion of one teaspoon of dried plant per cup of water. Dilute 20 drops of tincture in a glass of water and rinse your mouth. (Do not swallow the liquid) ( See toxicity or possible contraindications in the study of this plant)
- Agrimony (Agrimonia eupatoria) To heal sores in the mouth, make a rinse with the decoction of a teaspoon of dried leaves per cup of water for a couple of minutes.
- Celery (Apium graveolens) It's very suitable to cure mouth sores and gum problems (Crush the dried plant and make a mouthwash)
- Bilberry (Vaccinium myrtillus) Mouth rinses help reduce mouth ulcers and facilitate their healing. (Decoction for 5 minutes of 4 tablespoons of dried leaves per liter of water. Perform mouthwash. (Do not swallow the liquid)
-Birch (Betula alba) (Make mouth rinses with the liquid from the decoction for 10 minutes of one tablespoon of dried bark per cup of water with a little juice of lemon)
- Barley (Hordeum vulgare)The emollient properties of starch are useful in the treatment of cold sores. (Garglingl with barley water)
- Anise (Pimpinella anisum) (tea mixed with equal parts of half a teaspoon of crushed anise fruit and marshmallow leaves, mint and sage. Perform mouth rinses)
- Cinnamon (Cinnamomum zeylanicum) (Mouthwashes with the liquid from the infusion of half a teaspoon of shredded cinnamon per glass of water)
- Cloves (Eugenia caryophyllata) ( Mouthwashes with the liquid from the infusion of 2% of cloves in a liter of water)
- Watercress (Nasturtium officinale) Fresh watercress leaves can be used for the treatment of ulcers of mouth or tongue . Add a few drops of lemon and a pinch of salt on the watercress leaves . Chew the slowly so that the chewed pulp reaches the mouth or tongue ulceration.
- Chestnut (Castanea sativa) Its bacteriostatic and astringent properties help cure cold sores (Mouthwashes with infusion of 4 or 5 tablespoons of dried leaves per liter of water)
- Lemon (Citrus limonum) Excellent bactericidal mouthwash can be made with fresh juice.
- Horsetail (Equisetum arvense) (Make rinses with the infusion of a teaspoon of dried leaves per cup of water)
- Comfrey (Symphytum officinale) (Perform rinses with liquid resulting from the infusion of dried leaves. Do not swallow the liquid)
- Aloe (Aloe vera) Aloe juice has antiseptic, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, moisturizing and regenerative properties. Applied to the skin, it becomes one of the best remedies for healing wounds, sores, ulcers, burns, insect bites and so on. (Dip the wounds with a small amount of aloe gel) (Rinsing with the juice of the plant diluted to 50% in water) (Spit liquid)
- Plantain (Plantago major) for its mucilage content it exerts emollient and soothing properties for the respiratory mucous membrane, so it is used to cure sore throat, mouth irritation or sores caused by infections. (Mouth rinses with the liquid from the infusion of one teaspoon of dried leaves per cup of water).
- Spirulina (Spirulina spp.) Because of its content in vitamin C, mouthwashes containing spirulina help disinfect the mouth ulcers and facilitate their healing.
- Myrrh (Commiphora ssp) Used for its content in tannins that help healing mouth sores (myrrh powder applied on the wound) (sold in pharmacies and health food stores)
- Mallow (Malva sylvestris) ( rinses with the decoction for 10 minutes a teaspoon of flowers per cup of water.) (Mixed infusion of mallow and thyme, make mouth rinses)
- Marshmallow (Althaea officinalis) ( Rinses with liquid from a decoction for 10 minutes of a handful of dried root in a liter of water.
- Honeysuckle (Lonicera caprifolium) For the treatment of skin sores you can make a decoction of 5 tablespoons of dried leaves for 12 minutes. After cooling, apply a gauze over the affected area. This treatment is very effective for treating ulcers of the mouth (mouth rinses made with the same decoction )
- Strawberry (Fragaria vesca) (Infusions of leaves are very astringent and can be used for the same purpose)
- Raspberry (Rubus idaeus) Externally astringent properties of this plant can be used in the treatment of sore throats, mouth sores, swollen gums, and so on. (Decoction for 1 / 4 hour of 5 tablespoons of dried leaves per liter of water. Let stand 15 minutes. Perform garglings or rinsing with the resulting liquid)
- Chesnut tree (Castanea sativa) In the treatment of mouth ulcers, specially canker sores, its bacteriostatic and astringent properties help to cure them (Make mouthwashes with the infusion of 4 or 5 tablespoons of dried leaves per liter of water.
- Blackcurrant (Ribes nigrum) In external use, tannins possess astringent and antibacterial properties making them ideal for the treatment of inflammation caused by infectious processes. The juice of the fruits of this plant, used in mouthwash form, are very suitable for the treatment of mouth sores.
- Oak (Quercus robur) Its content of tannins and flavonoids gives astringent and antibiotic properties. It will reduce inflammation and stop the outflow of blood) (mouth rinses with the maceration made with a tablespoon of fresh bark in a liter of red wine for 4 days)
- Green tea (Camellia sinensis) Because of its bacterial properties, it is adequate to eliminate bad breath and protect the mouth against infections that cause inflammation of the gums or mouth sores. Its germicidal value is used to produce toothpaste (Perform rinses with a well loaded infusion of the dried plant) ( Mouthwash with the mixed infusion of tea, sage and strawberry leaves. (Put a wet tea bag right on the sore )
- Goldenseal (Hydrastis canadensis) The hemostatic properties of alkaloids are combined with vulnerary properties of its high content in zinc, vitamin C and sucrose to make it adequate for the external treatment of skin diseases (Three daily applications of tincture of golden seal on the mouth ulcers. It can be purchased in stores or pharmacies)