Plant Magazine of Botanical-online September 2017

Natural remedies

SUNBURNS PREVENTION

SUNBURNS PREVENTION

How to avoid sunburns

The best way to avoid sunburn is to take appropriate preventive measures before they occur. Among them we can mention:

Use a proper solar filter

Sunscreens with a minimum factor of 15, should be applied 30 minutes before sun exposure. They must be re-applied every two hours or every hour and a half after being in the water. You must also re-apply them after rubbing with a towel or after sweating a lot.

Apply sunscreen on all exposed parts of skin, including those which may be below the water as sun rays pass through it easily. It should be noted that sunscreens do not protect 100% of ultraviolet rays and the only complete protection against the sun's harmful effects is to avoid full exposure. (See information on this subject in the listing above)

- Do not expose yourself to the sun too long, especially during the early days, when the skin is not accustomed.

The first exposure should not exceed 15 minutes, regardless of skin type. Expose yourself gradually increasing time exposition a little bit each day.

Take special protection when going to the mountains

As we go up from sea level, solar radiation increases, so we must take into account that sun exposure in elevated places is more dangerous than near the sea. Mountaineers, excursionists o any person climbing or staying in high places must take the suitable measures.

Don't forget that snow reflects sun rays more than grass or ground. Special protections for the bare skin or eyes must be done for people walking on the snow, skiing or practicing any activity on this white surface.

Other protection measures

- Especial protection must be considered when taking certain medications, especially those containing hormones - acne medications, pill against pregnancy -, antibiotics, medicines for hypertension or diabetes, etc., can sensitize the skin making this more easily react against solar radiation.

- Young children up to 6 months should not be exposed to sunlight. Their skin does not have adequate protection to defend them against the sun's rays.

- It is not convenient to take the sun in the peak sunny hours, that's to say, between 10 am and 4 or 5 pm


- We recommend the use of caps or wide-brimmed hats and wear a shirt when we are near water, which reflects up to 25% of ultraviolet rays. This is advisable especially for people very sensitive to light or those people whose skin easily reacts to sunlight.

- We need protection from the sun even on cloudy days because the sun's rays go through the clouds.

Herbal remedies that increase photosensibility

People must be cautious exposing to the sun when taking certain herbal remedies, such as St. John's wort.

They produce photosensitization and therefore may be responsible for the appearance of brown spots, redness and even sunburns.

Other plants contain principles that can attain the main results when applied on the skin. (More information about photosensibility)

Among other herbs which can potentially cause photosensibility we have the following:

Main phototoxic plant list

Species Phototoxic component Phototoxic parts Possible phototoxic cause
Ammi majus ( Bishop's Weed) Angelicin
Bergapten
Pimpellinin
Furocoumarin
Methoxy-Psoralen
Seeds Internal use seeds
Anethum graveolens (Dill) Bergapten Plant Fresh plant on the skin
Angelica archangelica (Angelica) Angelicin
Bergapten
Pimpellinin
Psoralen
Sphondin
Seeds, plant Fresh plant on the skin
Angelica dahurica (Bai Zhi) Psoralen Root, plant Fresh plant on the skin
Apium graveolens (Celery) Angelicin
Bergapten
Methoxy-Psoralen
Psoralen
Plant Fresh plant on the skin
Banisteriopsis caapi (Ayahuasca) Harmaline Semillas Seeds preparation for ayahuasca
Casimiroa edulis (White sapote) Bergapten
Dictamnine
Skimmianine
Bark Contact with the plant
Cinchona spp (Quinina) Quinine Bark Decoctions of rhyzome, contact with the bark
Citrus aurantiifolia (Lime) Bergapten Fruit Fruit contact or eating
Citrus aurantium (Bitter orange) Bergapten Fruit Fruit contact or eating
Citrus limon (Lemon) Bergapten Essential oil Essential oil on the skin
Coriandrum sativum (Coriander) Psoralen
Angelicin
Bergapten
Plant Fresh plant on the skin
Curcuma longa (Indian Saffron) Curcumin Rhyzome Capsules of curcumin
Curcuma xanthorrhiza (Javan Turmeric) Curcumin Rhyzome Capsules of curcumin
Curcuma zedoaria (Shoti) Curcumin Rhyzome Capsules of curcumin
Dictamnus albus (Burning Bush) Bergapten
Psoralen
Dictamnine
Skimmianine
Root Root decoctions
Ficus carica (Fig tree) Psoralen
Bergapten
Angelicin
Plant Contact of the juice on the skin
Foeniculum vulgare (Fennel) Bergapten
Psoralen
Methoxy-Psoralen
Fruit Essential oil on the skin
Glehnia littoralis (Bei Sha Shen) Bergapten
Psoralen
Rhyzome Decoctions of rhyzome
Glycyrrhiza glabra (Licorice) Bergapten Ramas Eating or chewing licorice
Heracleum laciniatum (Laciniate) Angelicin
Bergapten
Pimpellinin
Sphondin
Plant Fresh plant on the skin
Hydrastis canadensis (Goldenseal) Berberastine
Berberine

Rhyzome Capsules or decoctions of rhyzome
Hypericum perforatum (St. John's wort) Hypericin Plant Essential oil on the skin. Internal preparations of the plant
Levisticum officinale (Lovage) Bergapten
Psoralen
Methoxy-Psoralen
Plant Fresh plant on the skin
Limonia acidissima (Elephant Apple) Psoralen
Bergapten
Plant Fresh plant on the skin
Passiflora incarnata (Mayapple) Harmaline Plant Contact with the plant
Peganum harmala (Harmala) Harmaline Semillas Seeds preparation for ayahuasca or other
Petroselinum crispum (Parsley) Bergapten
Psoralen
Methoxy-Psoralen
Plant, seed Fresh plant or essential on the skin
Pimpinella anisum (Anise) Bergapten, Plant, seed Fresh plant or essential on the skin
Ruta graveolens (Rue) Bergapten
Psoralen
Dictamnine
Skimmianine
Plant Fresh plant on the skin
Skimmia arborescens (Skimmia) Bergapten
Skimmianine
Leaves Contact with the plant
Skimmia japonica (Japanese Skimmia) Dictamnine
Skimmianine
Leaves Contact with the plant
Zanthoxylum alatum (Indian Prickly Ash) Berberine
Dictamnine
Skimmianine
Bark Contact with the plant
Zanthoxylum americanum (Northern Prickly Ash) Berberine
Dictamnine
Skimmianine
Bark Contact with the plant
Zanthoxylum clava-herculis (Hercules' club) Berberine
Bark Contact with the plant
Zingiber officinale (Ginger) Curcumin Rhizome Capsules or decoctions of Rhizome

punto rojo More information about sunburns and its natural treatment in the listing above.

Other interesting articles

This material is for informational purposes only. In case of doubt, consult the doctor.
"Botanical" is not responsible for damages caused by self-medication.

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