- 1 What is hyperactivity?
- 1.1 Hyperactivity definition
- 1.2 Hyperactivity causes
- 1.3 Hyperactivity symptoms
- 1.4 Attention deficit symptoms
- 1.5 Symptoms of hyperactivity
- 1.6 Symptoms of impulsivity
- 1.7 Diagnosis of overactive people
- 1.8 Diagnostic Hyperactivity Questionnaire
- 1.9 Treating hyperactivity
- 1.10 Medications for ADHD
- 1.11 What is the natural treatment for people with hyperactivity?
What is hyperactivity?
Hyperactivity, technically called “attention deficit hyperactivity disorder” (ADHD), is a behavioral disorder that occurs in children and in adults.
Hyperactivity is defined as a persistent conduct disorder, which becomes detrimental to everyday life, which is characterized by impulsivity, inattention and too much motor and / or vocal activity.
It seems that there is no single cause of hyperactivity, and probably the cause of hyperactivity is the confluence of two or several factors:
- Genetic reasons: There are some genetic factors which can lead to hyperactivity.
- Nutritional deficits: some studies suggest that people with ADHD may have deficiencies in vitamin B1, vitamin C, bioflavonoids, essential fatty acids, minerals and trace elements, fiber and bifidobacteria of intestinal flora.
- Alcohol, tobacco and drugs: In adolescents, ADHD can be a side effect of the consumption of drugs and narcotics, such as alcohol or cannabis.
- Inadequate diet: It can be a factor that accentuates the above causes, such as a high glycemic diet. Excess refined sugars and industrial products are an example of inadequate diet.
- Environmental causes: Contamination by metals (lead, mercury, cadmium, aluminum) found in paints, fungicides vegetables, cigarettes or cooking tools. Other triggers may be an inadequate diet rich in simple sugars and additives, or deficient in minerals and nutrients.
- Unfavorable affective environment : Children fully understand the stress and discomfort of adults. The well-being of each one influences that of others.
Childhood hyperactivity is a disorder that can be subjective, and therefore must be detected by a third person, an expert, usually a teacher or psychologist.
Among the main symptoms of hyperactivity, we have:
Attention deficit symptoms
- They do not listen when spoken to directly, they seem to be in a “daydream”
- They are forgetfulness, forgetting everyday tasks.
- They neglect the presentation of the work and / or reading comprehension mistakes are common (confusing words like “drum” with “dream” when reading).
- They appear easily distracted even when you make games or activities they enjoy.
- They forget the lost objects.
- They show poor school performance with a great difficulty in concentrating. It is hard for them to realize continuing mental activities: math, reading, writing exercises, etc..
- They find very difficult to do homework and achieve the school tasks daily.
Symptoms of hyperactivity
- They are to much talkative or restless
- They rock, play with objects, clothes, feet, move from the chair or get up from it often.
- They get up on the furniture, running around or jumping at inappropriate times.
- They show disobedience and difficulty following instructions or rules (e.g. a game).
- Disruptive behavior may occur, challenging or aggressive in some cases, and being involved in fights (teenagers).
Symptoms of impulsivity
- Impulsivity to speak, interrupting conversations
- Answer questions before being put away.
- Impatience or anxious behavior.
Summary-sheet or infographic of the main factors or causes of hyperactivity and attention deficit in children.
Diagnosis of overactive people
Hyperactivity is a condition that can be subjective, and therefore must be detected by a third person, an expert, usually a teacher or psychologist (hyperactivity in children) or by an expert (hyperactivity in adults).
The first to recognize the disorder are often teachers, professors, psychologists, pediatricians or doctors.
The expert must be a physician with expertise in psychiatry and neurology. A clinical psychologist is required to accompany the person.
The doctor will ask various questions to tutors and contrast the views of teachers and parents.
Diagnostic Hyperactivity Questionnaire
Patients must fill tests to rule out other problems that can cause the same symptoms.
The doctor will perform various tests, among which includes an Intelligence quotient (IQ) . Here is an example of a hyperactivity test that the doctor can use during the evaluation:
How often does he/she make mistakes when she/he has to work on a boring or difficult project?
How often does he/she leave her/his seat in classroom, in meetings or in situations in which he/she should remain seated?
How often is it difficult for him/her to wait for his/her turn?
Treats are totally discouraged because they are rich in simple sugars and additives.
Family in the countryside. Outdoor activities such as walking, playing and sunbathing can be good ideas to clear and remove stress.
- Information: parents, teachers and the whole environment of the person concerned must be informed of the disorder. Adults should understand this disorder to accept it.
- Training: the psychologist or doctor can provide strategies, monitor and treat the child or adult in this disorder.
- Multidisciplinary treatment: family, school, psychologist and doctor (or pediatrician), must work together so that the person feels well cared for and accompanied.
- Psychology: in the case of children, it is important to teach study skills, discipline to organize daily tasks, plan homework, etc.. Parents and teachers should be very careful in the instructions given to him: you must change the “behave yourself”, by welldefined and precise instructions on what is expected to do. Often they may resist to boring or monotonous tasks, a behavior which is common in children with ADHD, so you have to work at it.
- Dietary treatment: some dietary factors can influence to improve the symptoms of overstimulation of the child. A healthy diet, balanced, varied and tidy can be a good beginning. (More)
- Nutritional supplements: some authors suggest that hyperactivity could cause certain nutritional deficiencies.
Medications for ADHD
They are usually brain stimulants that are given in long treatments (for years). Their results have been positive for the correct physical, academic and social development of the child.
Unlike some popular beliefs, people with ADHD are not given sedatives.
In adults, treatment with antidepressants can be combined.
The most common medication for hyperactivity is methylphenidate (Ritalin®, Methylin®).
Pharmacological treatments should be prescribed by the doctor and are not recommended as a first option, before it is preferable to start a behavioral, psychological treatment and address the possible factors involved in this disorder.
What is the natural treatment for people with hyperactivity?
The natural treatment of ADHD is mainly based on using medicinal plants preparations and a suitable diet
More information on hyperactivity natural treatment.