Properties of chayotes
EDIBLE PROPERTIES OF CHAYOTE
Chayote is a very suitable vegetable for people with weight loss problems
Chayotes contain much water and very few calories. Its potassium content is very high. This makes it a very suitable food to control the level of fluids in the body. Potassium helps to remove excess of water retained in our body, promoting diuresis.
Chayotes are similar to courguettes
It has been said that chayotes have similar properties to courgettes, and indeed the content of many components is similar (see table at the bottom of this page). Chayote contains less potassium, less sodium and has a similar proportion of water and calories.
On the other hand, it contains a higher percentage of carbohydrates, thus it provides a feeling of stomach fullness longer than courgettes.
To put it another way, it "keeps us full without fattening us." This provided that we eat them boiled. If we fry them, even being delicious, their calorie level increases, something which is not very suitable for those with overweight or for people who want to lose weight.
Boiled chayotes, ready to be used
Chayotes are good to cleanse your body
The draining capacity offered by this vegetable is not only interesting for the control of body weight. By increasing urination, your body expels, along with the urine, a lot of toxins.
As a result, chayotes are also well suited in cleansing diets, just before the season changes to regenerate one's body or when this type of drainage helps in the treatment of metabolic abnormalities (rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, gout, acne, hypertension, etc)
Photo of chayotes. One is cut to show the seed and the flesh sorrounding it.
Chayote, a very remineralizing food
Equally important is this mineral in the health of our defenses as well as the formation of bones and teeth. 100 grams of this vegetable provides the necessary amount of this mineral.
Chayotes are rich in amino acids
Besides minerals, chayotes are rich in other components. Among them, it is worth mentioning their amino acid content., Amino acids, besides being responsible for the synthesis of proteins, are involved in many body functions (creation of enzymes, hormones, neurotransmitters, etc.).
The body forms proteins from 22 amino acids, of which 9 are essential, meaning that the body can not synthesize them and needs to take them food. Chayote contains 7 of the 9 essential amino acids and other non-essential ones:
Essential amino acids in chayote
Lysine: An essential amino acid. Necessary for the body to absorb calcium. Involved in the formation of collagen., Enzymes and antibodies. A deficit would manifest itself in the form of hair loss, concentration problems, infertility, fatigue, etc.
Leucine: An essential amino acid necessary for the proper development of young people
Methionine: An essential amino acid. Necessary for the metabolism of fats. Helps remove ammonia from the body through urine. Allows the good health of hair, nails and skin. It helps the body to produce lecithin, which controls levels cholesterol in blood.
Isoleucine: An essential amino acid. Necessary for the proper balance of nitrogen and child development.
Tryptophan: An essential amino acid. From it, the body makes serotonin and melatonin, a neurotransmitter and a hormone needed for the transmission of electrical impulses. Its deficit causes insomnia and depression
Nonessential amino acids in chayote:
Glutaminic acid, nonessential amino acid involved in the health of the nerves and brain
Histidine: A nonessential amino acid for adults, even if it is for babies. It is considered a vasodilator and a good stimulant of gastric juices. With antioxidant and antiuremic properties (against the formation of uric acid)
Alanine: A nonessential amino acid, that is involved in antibody production and the metabolism of sugars.
Glycine: A nonessential amino acid. Involved, along with arginine and methionine, in the creation of creatine a protein necessary for the formation of muscles. Also involved in immune system development.
Tyrosine: A nonessential amino acid. It is very necessary for good mental health. It helps to have memory, prevents depression and intervenes in the proper state of the thyroid and pituitary.
|Comparison between the composition of the zucchini and chayotes per 100 g|
|Water||95, 2 g||94, 85 g|
|Energy||15 kcal||17 kcal|
|Fat||0,07 g||0,13 g|
|Protein||1,03 g||0,82 g|
|Carbohydrates||2, 90 g||3,90 g|
|Fiber||1,2 g||1,7 g|
|Potassium||248 mg||125 mg|
|Phosphorus||32 mg||18 mg|
|Iron||0, 42 mg||0,34 mg|
|Sodium||5 mg||2 mg|
|Magnesium||22 mg||12 mg|
|Calcium||15 mg||17 mg|
|Copper||0, 057 mg||0, 123 mg|
|Zinc||0, 20 mg||0, 74 mg|
|Manganese||0, 127 mcg||0,189 mg|
|Vitamin C||9 mg||7,7 mg|
|Vitamin A||340 UI||56 IU|
|Vitamin B1 (Thiamin)||0,070 mg||0,025 mg|
|Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin)||0, 030 mg||0,029 mg|
|Vitamin B3 (Niacin)||0, 400 mg||0, 470 mg|
|Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine)||0, 089 mg||0, 076 mg|
|Vitamin E||0, 12 mg||0, 12 mg|
|Folic acid||22 mcg||93 mg|
MEDICINAL PROPERTIES OF CHAYOTE
Kidney problems: The native Indians ate the fruit when they were having trouble removing water from the body and when they wanted to solve problems related to the urinary tract, both in cases of urinary tract infections, as in other kidney and bladder problems. (Kidney stones, gallstones, kidney failure, nephritis, cystitis, etc. (Infusion of fruits. Take a couple of glasses a day)
Skin blemishes: The juice of the plant, applied externally, it was believed that was used for bleaching freckles or skin blemishes.
More information on chayote in the listing above.
Other interesting articles
This material is for informational purposes only. In case of doubt, consult the doctor.
"Botanical" is not responsible for damages caused by self-medication.