Carrot family -Umbilliferae-

Carrot family

Petroselinum crispum

Photo of parsley (Petroselinum crispum)

The Carrot family - umbelliferae - contains about 3000 species of plants dispersed throughout the world, specially in the North Hemisphere.

They are plants very well known as spices or because their medicinal properties, because of the great amount of essential oils they contain.

Some of the, as hemlock, for example, exemplify very strong poisons.

Leaves (1): compound, alternate, with a decurrent sheath.

Stem (2): fistulous, generally herbaceous with big internodes.

Flowers:

(3) Group in umbels, formed of main and secondary ones. The main umbels show at their base a ring of bracts, called involucre (4) and the secondary ones another ring, known as involucel (5). Flowers are placed in the secondary umbels.

carrot draw

Petrosinilum crispum

Calyx: 5 o 0 sepals

carrot draw

Conium maculatum

Petals (6): 5

Stamens: 5

Styles: 2, a nectariferous stylopodium over it.

Fruit (7): Diachene


Genera

It includes the main genera:

AETHUSA AMMI AMMOIDES
ANETHUM
ANGELICA
ANTHRISCUS
APIUM
ASTRANTIA ATHAMANTA
BERULA
BIFORA
BRACHYAPIUM
BUNIUM
BUPLEURUM
CACHRYS
CAPNOPHYLLUM
CARUM
CAUCALIS
CHAEROPHYLLUM
CICUTA
CONOPODIUM
CORIANDRUM
CRITHMUM
CUMINUM
DAUCUS
DETHAWIA
ECHINOPHORA
ELAESOLINUM
ENDRESSIA
ERYNGIUM
FALCARIA
FERULA
FERULAGO
FOENICULUM
GUILLONEA
HERACLEUM
HOHEHACKERIA
HYDROCOTYLE
KUNDMANNIA
LAGOECIA
LASERPITIUM
LEVISTICUM
LIGUSTICUM
MAGYDARIS
MEUM
MOLOPOSPERMUM
MYRRHIS
MYRRHOIDES
NAUFRAGA
ONEANTHE
OPOPANAX
ORLAYA
PASTINACA
PETROSELINUM
PEUDEDANUM
PHYSOSPERMUM PIMPINELLA
PSEUDORLAYA
PTYCHOTIS
RIDOLFIA
SANICULA
SCANDIX
SELINUM
SESELI
SILAUM
SISON
SIUM
SMIRNIUM
THAPSIA
TORDYLIUM
TORILIS
TRINIA
TURGENIA
XATARTIA

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This material is for informational purposes only. In case of doubt, consult the doctor.
"Botanical" is not responsible for damages caused by self-medication.