First aid burns
First aid for burns
WHAT TO DO IN CASE OF BURNS
Treatment of severe burns
Serious burns need medical care (See information about types of burns). Third-degree burns, second degree with an area of about 5 to 8 cm or greater, those that affect the face, genitals, hands or feet, those that are caused by electricity or chemicals should be attended by a doctor. (If you are in doubt how to consider your burn, take it as as serious one an look for medical attention)
- Seek assistance calling the emergency number.
- Do not remove the victim's clothes that have become stuck to the victim's body.
- Do not apply any remedy.
- Do not touch burns.
- Do not wet the burn with water.
- Do not place anything under patient's head if the burn affects the respiratory system.
- Practice artificial respiration if necessary.
- Raise the victim's legs about 30 cm
- Cover the victim with a sheet.
Treatment of minor burns
First aid treatment for minor burns
1) Cool the burn: The first thing to do is try to cool the burn so as to reduce pain and prevent damage. To cool a burn you have to use tap water. Avoid using ice, because its application could deteriorate it.
Place the burn under running tap water and let it run for several minutes. You can also use milk or vegetable juice if you do not have water at hand. Subsequently, you should get water and rinse well. Oil, butter or other oily products should not be applied because they could make inflammation last longer.
2) Keep the burn cold: For a few hours, until the pain has decreased, keep the burn cool by covering it with a clean cloth dipped in cold water, not ice. Compresses should be changed from time to time.
3) Prevent anything to touch the burn: To prevent the burn from getting worse or infected, it should be covered without pressing it. If it is too small, we will post a plaster. Being large, we will cover it with a gauze.
This is especially important when blisters have occurred because it is a way to prevent them to be broken. It is important to maintain blisters closed to avoid the entry of microorganisms. In case of break, they should be disinfected properly and receive medical care, paying particular attention to the tetanus vaccination.
4) Disinfect the burn: To do this, you can use an ointment against microorganisms according to the prescription or opt for a natural treatment, as shown in the listing above under "Remedies for burns"
Post-treatment of minor burns
To facilitate minor burns subsequent healing, eliminate itching and promote healing the following tips are recommended:
- Monitor the healing process: It should be watched the wound does not become infected in which case it would require antibiotic treatment. Possible oozing, redness, or bad smell should be taken into account.
More information about burns and its natural treatment in the listing above.
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This material is for informational purposes only. In case of doubt, consult the doctor.