First aid for frostbite
What to do in case of frostbite
FIRST AID FOR FROSTBITE
What you should not do in a case of frostbite
If we find someone who has suffered frostbite, we should avoid doing the following things:
How to act in case of frostbite?
What you should do in case of frostbite:
If we find someone who has suffered frostbite we should do the following:
- Take the victim to a warmer place: It is evident that the first thing we should do is to transport the affected person to a hotter place. This transport must be done carefully to avoid worsening the damage. If the patient has suffered feet frostbite, it is important for him/her not to walk. So, we can shoulder the patient to introduce him/ her into a vehicle.
It the patient is to heavy to be moved or we do not have a vehicle, it is best to make him walk to a safer place though this may cause feet blisters. We must not remove the shoes or boots until the patient is in a safe place and we are certain we can rewarm or thaw the affected tissue.
- Bring the victim to a hospital: If we have a nearby hospital, we will take the victim to the center or call an emergency ambulance as soon as possible.
- Rewarming frostbitten parts: In case of absence of medical help, try to rewarm or thaw the affected parts. To recover the frostbitten parts you should use warm water and never use hot water. The ideal temperature is between 37 and 38 degrees ºC in children and between 40 and 42 º C in adults.
If possible, we will use a thermometer to check water temperature because hot water can cause serious damages. We will never permit the affected person to check the water temperature since it is very difficult for him/ her to distinguish if the water is too hot. The affected hands or feet should be put in a bowl with warm water and we will soak a cloth with this water to wet the affected areas without squeezing them.
Rewarming or thawing the affected parts implies making peripheral blood to return inside the body again. This could be responsible for the appearance of Arrhythmias.
- Provide the victim warm drinks: Providing soup or hot non-alcoholic drinks will help maintain the body temperature and will avoid the risk of hypothermia.
More information about frostbite and its natural treatment in the listing above.
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This material is for informational purposes only. In case of doubt, consult the doctor.