Characteristics of inflamation of the uterus

This article was endorsed by Irene Mazzuca - Doctor of Medicine from the University of Rome "La Sapienza"

What is inflammation of the uterus?

Characteristics of pelvic inflammatory disease and endometritis

Inflammation of the uterus may refer to pelvic inflammatory disease or inflammation of the mucosa that lines the inside of the uterus or endometrium (endometritis).

These are problems mainly caused by harmful germs that infect the uterus.

They appear especially in the period after childbirth, which is known as the puerperium, a period in which the woman’s defenses are especially diminished so that the microorganisms can prosper.

It is necessary to treat these problems adequately to avoid that the infections can spread to other parts of the female reproductive system, such as the fallopian tubes (salpingitis) or even to the entire body of the woman, which may even endanger her life.

A poorly attended uterine infection can cause female infertility.

What is pelvic inflammatory disease?

Pelvic inflammatory disease is an infection that mainly affects the fallopian tubes, but can also affect the ovaries or the uterus. When it affects the fallopian tubes it is known as salpingitis. It is usually caused by sexually transmitted bacteria that spread from the vagina to the uterus, fallopian tubes, or ovaries.

How is pelvic infectious disease known?

The main symptoms are:

  • Weight in the abdomen and pain
  • Fever
  • Vaginal discharge (leukorrhea)
  • Too long and painful periods
  • Thickening of the uterus

Why does pelvic inflammatory disease occur?

The main causes are:

  • Microorganisms, such as gonococcus – Neisseria gonorrhoeae -, which produces gonorrhea.
  • Tumors (faced with this possibility, in front of the previous symptoms, gynecological review is recommended)
  • Births or abortions are the main factors that facilitate the spread of the microorganisms that cause the disease.

What is endometritis?

Endometritis is a disease of the female genital tract consisting of inflammation of the endometrium, which is the mucosa that covers the inside of the uterus. It is a process that occurs within pelvic inflammatory disease.

Why does endometritis disease occur?

The main causes of endometritis are:

  • Microorganisms, such as gonococcus – Neisseria ghonorrhoeae – that produces gonorrhea, and Chlamydia
  • Pelvic procedures that are done through the uterus such as biopsy, hysteroscopy, intrauterine device placement, etc.
  • Tumors (faced with this possibility, in front of the previous symptoms, gynecological review is recommended).
  • As with pelvic inflammatory disease, childbirth or abortion are the main factors that facilitate the spread of the microorganisms that cause the disease.

Diagnosis and treatment of inflammations of the uterus

The diagnosis of this type of disease is given by the doctor or gynecologist, who performs a gynecological review to check the condition of the patient. The diagnosis may require other tests, such as tests for vaginal discharge and cervical cultures, urine tests, and laparoscopy, to be definitive.

The treatment of inflammations of the uterus is based on the administration of antibiotics with which the germs that cause the disease are eliminated.

punto rojo More information on female genital diseases.

Editorial
Written by Editorial Botanical-online team in charge of content writing

6 July, 2020

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