Characteristics of premenstrual syndrome

What is premenstrual syndrome?

Premenstrual syndrome is a series of physical and psychological symptoms that occur before or during menstruation as a result of a series of changes in hormones. Usually designated with the letters PMS which in English means “Premenstrual syndrome”

These mental and physical changes gradually disappear as the menstrual period takes place, that is, quite simply, “when the period is here.”

These changes in women, which usually appear around 11 or 15 days before menstruation, affects more or less intensity between 70 and 90% women, with women between 30 and 40 which tend to show more symptoms. Of these, 10% showing reactions that prevent them from leading a normal life (premenstrual dysphoric disorder) Those women who develop depression more strongly accuse syndrome.

Unfortunately, this phenomenon has been unobserved for many years, and that from a male point of view, it was considered that the complaints of women and their behavioral changes were the result of the “female mind” and the result of a variable or capricious character.

Fortunately, a change of thought, and scientific studies on this syndrome has continued to demonstrate the reality of the problem. It has proved that, although personally affects women, it also affects their family, their relationships or their work.

Until the real causes are discovered and a definitive treatment is fulfilled it requires understanding and consideration by the man in relation with a syndrome that affects women from the moment they start to become fertile.

Symptoms of premenstrual syndrome

Symptoms can be physical, behavioral, and psychological.

The main physical symptoms are: pain in the head, pain or increased sensitivity in the chests, bloating, weight gain, back pain, nausea, diarrhea or constipation, urinary problems, diverse manifestations in the skin, including dry skin, cold sores or acne, etc.

The main psychological symptoms include depression, irritability, aggressiveness, anxiety attacks, low self-esteem, low sex drive or increased sexual desire, etc.

Among the major behavioral symptoms are: clumsiness, poor concentration, inability to sleep, need or cravings for sweets, need to mourn, etc.

Causes of premenstrual syndrome

Hormonal Changes: is not known exactly what causes the syndrome, it seems that the main causes are hormonal changes, with increased levels of estrogen and a progesterone levels drop in which the following neurochemicals could be involved:

Serotonin, which is formed from tryptophan, is a potent neurotransmitter with many body functions, especially in the functioning of neurons in the brain. A lack of serotonin in this organ is associated with the presence of many disorders (depression, anxiety, compulsive behaviors, eating problems, headache, increased sensitivity to pain, etc.) On the other hand, the increased levels of this component has shown improvement in depressive symptoms.

– Prolactin, which, among other functions, stimulates the formation of milk. An excess of it could be the phenomenon responsible for breast tenderness as usual during the premenstrual syndrome.

– Endorphins, neurochemicals responsible for controlling pain. A low level of the same could increase sensitivity to pain experienced by patients during this period.

Food problems and other causes: Other possible causes that might influence are poor diet, lacking in some components, such as magnesium or pyridoxine, low levels of blood sugar, food allergies, etc. Depression also could have a role in the development or worsening of the syndrome.

Diagnostics and treatment of premenstrual syndrome

When this syndrome is accompanied by a deep depression, severe pain in the breast or inability to lead a normal life, a visit to the specialist is needed.

The diagnosis is usually made from a study of all the symptoms, so it is necessary to keep a detailed list of those most common symptoms, time of appearance and disappearance, its peak, etc.

Since conventional treatments are primarily focused on relieving those characteristic symptoms, the best way to prevent this syndrome is to make a change in behavior, especially in regard to eating habits.

The adoption of some type of habitual exercise is very interesting to eliminate stress, reduce pain, since exercise releases endorphins, and helps reduce weight gain. It has been found that about half hour or 45 minutes of exercise two or three times a week reduces many of the symptoms of this disease.

Life changes that tend to a less stressful way of living are very relieving. Imposed rest periods, with rest in bed when necessary; walks in the countryside or the city or the abandonment of very heavy physical activities, including too hard exercise.

Other possible aid would be to improve sleep habits, to adopt some alternative treatment . Phytotherapy (listed below) can offer good solutions to this problem.

The natural treatment of the premenstrual syndrome involves using a series of natural resources that help improve the negative symptoms of this syndrome.

punto rojo More information on the natural treatment of the premenstrual syndrome.

Written by Editorial Botanical-online team in charge of content writing

6 April, 2020

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