Characteristics of sedatives


What are sedatives?

Sedatives are medications used in the form of pills to calm the nerves. Act on the body decreasing vital functions which determines its soothing properties.

These can be divided into the following types:


Barbituric acid derivatives (C4H4N2O3). When taken in small quantities they provide tranquilizing properties. But, when increasing the dose, they induce to sleep (hypnotic properties).

They can also be used to anesthetize, as it happens with Thiopental, short-acting anesthetic, used in short operations with anesthesia. Others, like secorbital, are used to treat anxiety.

The anxiolytics or minor tranquilizers

Its role is to ease anxiety and nervousness around. Usually used to replace barbiturates when prolonged use is required to sleep at night or anxiety problems. Among the main ones, we have benzodiazepines, as it is found in some well-known medicines, such as tetrazepam, oxazepam, alprazol or diazepam.

Although anxiolytics are more suitable than barbiturates to avoid anxiety, uncontrolled individual use leads to the same problems as barbiturates. An abusive intake of one or another causes a very clear drunkenness reactions and behaviors similar to that occurring with the ingestion of alcohol.

A wise use can cause drowsiness, diminishing mental capacity and manual skill which can be dangerous when driving a vehicle or working with machines.

When used as drugs, their use is very dangerous, since it can easily incur a fatal overdose. In these cases some symptoms can occur, such as stomach problems, vomiting, mental confusion, difficulty in breathing and they can even lead to coma. This situation will require a quick hospital intervention.

More information on drugs and other types of drugs in the listing above

This material is for informational purposes only. The production, use or sale of most of the substances described herein is prohibited by law in many countries. “Botanical” does not intended to encourage the use of these substances but simply to inform. Please, before taking any initiative, consult with the relevant legislation of each country. At the same time, we warn the readers that the use of most of these substances can cause serious risks to physical and psychological health of consumers.

Written by Editorial Botanical-online team in charge of content writing

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Botanical-online is an informative page that describes, among other topics, the traditional uses of plants from a therapeutic point of view. Their descriptions do not replace professional advice. Botanical-online is not responsible for self-medication and recommends consulting with the physician.