Characteristics of wrinkles

This article was endorsed by Néstor Zumaya Cárdenas - M.D & Medical Surgeon from the National Autonomous University of Mexico

What are wrinkles?

wrinkled face
Wrinkles on the face are one of the first symptoms of aging

Wrinkles are furrows, marks, or creases. They appear throughout the body as we get older.

Although they respond to a natural process, they pose a major concern for everyone because they are clear signs of aging.

Of all the body lines, we give more importance to those that appear on the face, in the neck and hands.

Symptoms of wrinkles

The main symptoms of wrinkles are:

  • Skin creases
  • Furrows
  • Crow’s feet
  • Double chin
  • Blemishes
  • Bruises, etc.

Causes of wrinkles

wrinkled hands
Wrinkles appear anywhere on the body, also on the hands
  • Aging. Over the years the skin becomes thinner, less elastic, with less fat and less pigment. This has a number of implications for skin blemishes, warts, pale skin, spots, dry skin, bruising, cold, etc.
  • Pruney fingers or water aging: This is a special type of wrinkles appearing in the palm of the hands or feet as a consequence of being for a long time in contact with water. It seems to be an adaptation of skin to provide a better grip underwater.

Factors that contribute to wrinkles development

In normal circumstances wrinkles appear as a consequence of getting old. However, there are other factors that could advance this process, or worse it . Among them, we will mention the following:

  • Sun exposure: The sun is the worst enemy of the skin. It dries it, making it less elastic and making it thicker and worsen its look. In most cases, sun is responsible for the appearance of melanomas or skin cancer.
  • Body diseases: Among these, we could mainly mention liver diseases (the inability of this body to remove impurities from the blood causes these to appear on the skin) or circulatory diseases (poor circulation to the skin does not provide the nutrients and oxygenation necessary or appropriate to have adequate health). Other possible causes are allergies or metabolic deficiencies, such as obesity or diabetes.
baby's smooth skin
Only a baby’s smooth skin is virtually wrinkle-free
  • Chemical factors: Exposure to certain pollutants (smoke, tobacco, chemicals) or use of hygiene products not suitable for our skin type, can be responsible for this body to present an older appearance than the normal one for our age. These factors, together with body oxidation, are responsible for the emergence of free radicals that affect condition of the skin
  • Diet: The adoption of inadequate diets, poor in natural foods, with little input in vitamins, minerals or other components that should nourish the skin is a very common cause which produces wrinkles. Exaggerated consumption of animal fats, alcohol, tobacco and sweets should be avoided.
    Other nutrition factors are very important in wrinkles development, such as, for example, sudden changes in weight, with continuing opposing processes of thinning and weight gaining. This causes the skin not to regain its state of original smoothness, appearing wrinkles and sagging skin, especially on the face (crow’s feet, jowls)
  • Stress: Situations of personal anguish, loss of balance, inability to sleep, etc. prevent possible relaxation of the skin, especially of facial muscles as demonstrated by the appearance of the face.

Treatment of wrinkles

There are some medical resources to treat wrinkles (tretinoin, Botox Cosmetic® (botulinum toxin), or Restylane®). They are all very expensive and may have some side effects.

More information about wrinkles.

Editorial
Written by Editorial Botanical-online team in charge of content writing

9 July, 2020

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