Calendula cultivation



Plant characteristics

– Plant family: Compositae.

Annual or sometimes biennial plant, erect stems up to 40 – 70cm. tall.

Leaves alternate, petiolate, oblong, spatulate, margins entire or with few teeth, and hairy.

– Large floral florets, 5 – 7cm. in diameter, composed of radiated flowers. It blooms from June to early November.

Fruit thorny and curved, achene, lacking pappus.

Calendula climate

– Plant of temperate climates.

– Resistant to frost and drought.

– It grows in full sun or semi-shade.

– Located from 0 to 1,000 m.


Pot marigold flowers

Calendula soil

– Type of soil: sandy loam soils, limestone or clay.

– It requires moist soil, even in summer.

– pH between 4.5 and 8.3. It can grow in acid and alkaline soils, but it prefers limestone.

– Provide a fertile soil rich in organic matter.

Calendula plant

Photo of calendula plant

Calendula reproduction


– Plant seeds in situ, in spring (March-April) or early fall (September-October).

– Germination occurs in 2-4 weeks.

– Flowering occurs four months after planting, in summer (if planted in spring) or between May and June if planted in autumn.

– The plant reproduces spontaneously.

Calendula flowering

– Flowers appear 4 weeks after sowing. Usually between April and October.

Calendula diseases and pests

Mosaic Disease: caused by mosaic virus.

Mildew: fungal disease that attacks in full force in summer, but that may appear in late spring.

Powdery mildew: It is a common disease of plants. It appears in spring but its effects may linger during the summer or fall.

punto rojo More information on calendula.

Vicente Martínez Centelles
Written by Vicente Martínez Centelles Founder of the web and director. Teacher of natural sciences, expert in plants, natural remedies and botanical photography.

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Botanical-online is an informative page that describes, among other topics, the traditional uses of plants from a therapeutic point of view. Their descriptions do not replace professional advice. Botanical-online is not responsible for self-medication and recommends consulting with the physician.