Mullein toxicity

(Verbascum thapsus L.)

DANGERS OF MULLEIN

Is mullein toxic?

Yes, mullein contains toxic principles. The root, seeds and, to a lesser extent, the leaves of the plant, contain poisonous components.

For this reason, neither roots nor seeds should be used for medicinal purposes. The leaves are only used externally.

Only the flowers can be used internally, in herbal teas or infusions.

What active principles does mullein contain?

mullein leaves

In the image: photograph of mullein leaves

  • The whole plant contains iridoid glucosides: aucubin, verbacoside, pilumoside, harpagide, catalpol, isocatapol, 6Bxylosilcatapol.

  • Hemolytic saponins: verbascosaponosin (in seeds and, to a lesser extent, in leaves)

  • Coumarin (whole plant)

  • Rotenone (at the root)

Symptoms of poisoning

  • The infusion of the flowers in very high doses can produce narcotic effect.

  • It is important to strain the infusions with filter paper to remove the tiny hair from the flowers. The stamens and the calyx of the flowers contain tiny hairs, which can be irritating to the airways.

  • The saponins contained in the seeds are ichthyotoxic (toxic to fish). Formerly, people poured its juice into the water to intoxicate the fish, and the stun of intoxication allowed them to catch them easily.

  • The flowers in tisane do not present acute or subacute toxicity.

punto rojo More information on mullein.

Editorial
Written by Editorial Botanical-online team in charge of content writing

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This material is for informational purposes only. In case of doubt, consult the doctor.
"Botanical" is not responsible for damages caused by self-medication.

Botanical-online is an informative page that describes, among other topics, the traditional uses of plants from a therapeutic point of view. Their descriptions do not replace professional advice. Botanical-online is not responsible for self-medication and recommends consulting with the physician.
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