Characteristics of anticoagulants

Properties of anticoagulants

What are anticoagulants?

Anticoagulants are products able to make the blood more fluid. What this product actually do is decrease the power of blood clotting, so there is a greater possibility of clogging blood vessels.

Anticoagulants have no ability to dissolve clots already formed.

Blood thinners may be drugs used in conventional medicine and natural products with anticoagulant effects.

Only doctors can prescribe anticoagulants and the patient must strictly follow the rules. The treatment can not be abandoned without the doctor’s or specialist’s consent.

What are anticoagulants used for?

Anticoagulants are used in medicine to thin the blood. Thick blood is responsible for poor circulation problems by the appearance of thrombi that hinder the flow of blood and can cause vascular accidents such as headache, phlebitis, stroke, angina pectoris, pulmonary emboli, etc.

What are the main anticoagulant medications?

Among the main anticoagulant products, we include the following:

Heparin: It is a natural substance that is extracted from the lungs of cattle and pigs intestine. Acting on a substance called thrombin, it achieves on interferering with the process of blood clotting. It is supplied by injection.

Warfarin: It is sold under the name Coumadin or warfilone. It works by neutralizing the effects of vitamin K in the liver, responsible for developing components that help fluidize the blood. It is usually administered orally.

Dicumarol: It works as warfarin. Its use is now very limited.

Interactions of anticoagulants

Blood thinners may react with other drugs or products that reduce their effectiveness or increase excessively its effects. Among those that may interact include the following:

– Heartburn medications.

– Antidepressants.

– Antihistamines.

– Aspirin.

– Some antibiotics.

– Some antifungal drugs.

– Some anticonvulsant drugs.

– Cortisone or other cortisone-like drugs (corticosteroids)

– Ibuprofen

– ketoprofen

– Drugs for insomnia.

– Anti-arrhythmic drugs

– Hyperthyroidism drugs.

– Naproxen

– Paracetamol or acetaminophen

– Calcium supplements

– Supplements of vitamin K.

– Smoking

– Alcohol

Side effects of anticoagulants

If you notice any side effects, you should consult your doctor. Among the major side effects that may occur with the administration of these drugs, we have the following:

Most common side effects: diarrhea, vomiting or nausea, loss of appetite, flatulence..

Less common side effects: hair loss, bloody cough, urticaria, jaundice, bruising, dark stools, sore throat…

Very rare side effects: dizziness, headache, shortness of breath, fingers or purple feet, bleeding gums…

Risk factors of anticoagulants

Taking blood thinners may be a risk factor in certain conditions. Call your doctor if manifest:

Diseases or abnormalities: such as stomach ulcers, hypertension, aneurysm, diabetes, cancer, cholesterol, kidney disease, live: disease, food allergy, nosebleeds, hemophilia, endometriosis, uterine bleeding.

Situations that encourage bleeding: cuts or no closed wounds, recent or upcoming surgery, pregnancy, lactation, contact sports with risk of shock or injury, work with the possibility of shock or injury.

Age: As people age have a higher risk of developing side effects when taking anticoagulants. From age 60 the risk increases greatly.

Diet: abundant intake of foods rich in vitamin K, a natural coagulant, can neutralize the action of anticoagulants.

Natural anticoagulants: There are foods or natural remedies, such as garlic or ginkgo that can interact with anticoagulants, increasing its effects so they could be responsible for side effects.

More information on anticoagulant and coagulant plants.

Written by Editorial Botanical-online team in charge of content writing

19 March, 2019

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Botanical-online is an informative page that describes, among other topics, the traditional uses of plants from a therapeutic point of view. Their descriptions do not replace professional advice. Botanical-online is not responsible for self-medication and recommends consulting with the physician.