Characteristics of arthritis

This article was endorsed by Ahmed Zayed - Bachelor of Medicine and Surgery from Alexandria University

What is arthritis?

Characterístics of arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic disease with an unpredictable course in which there is inflammation of the lower extremity joints, affecting other organs of the body such as bones, tendons, etc.

Symptoms of arthritis

Symptoms occur intermittently combining a time when the disease manifests itself with others that it does not have any symptoms.

The main symptoms of arthritis are:

Joint symptoms of arthritis

joint pain
Intermittent joint pain is a symptom of arthritis
  • Intermittent joint pain
  • Morning stiffness with members feeling heavy
  • Swollen heated joints
  • Muscle weakness
  • In more advanced stages, joint deformities (ulnar deviation, swan neck finger…)

Non-articular symptoms of arthritis

  • Subcutaneous nodules, especially in the knees and elbows,
  • Anemia, particularly during periods of attack of the disease, and in some cases, increased platelets. I
  • In very advanced cases, inflammation of the veins (vasculitis) with possible ulcers on the hands or feet.

Causes of arthritis

Even we don’t know the causes, they produce immune responses that attack the body’s own cells.

It is believed that there could be different causes:

  • Certain hormones
  • Infections such as gonorrhea
  • Genetic reasons.

Treatment of arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis is a disease which, although chronic, has an unpredictable prognosis once it has made its appearance.

There are cases in which the disease occurs in intermittent outbreaks throughout the patient’s life. In other cases,  these attacks are carried out far apart in time from each other and in other cases the disease does not reappear.

Thetreatment of this disease is based on the use of anti-inflammatory and pain medications that decrease the inflammation in the joints and reduce pain.

More information about arthritis

Written by Editorial Botanical-online team in charge of content writing

13 August, 2020

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