What is a colic in babies?
A baby colic is a crying spell that occurs primarily in similar times during the day or during the night, implying a total crying time of a minimum of 3 hours per day. It usually corresponds to mild stomach problems producing a more or less strong pain in the abdomen. Colics are very common problems in babies which generally do not require medical attention.
Colic best known is the “three months colic”, characterized by crying in babies who usually appears during the first three months of life. It is a type of colic that usually occurs at the end of the afternoon or early evening. In it, babies cry inconsolably and usually finish when they fall asleep exhausted and unless they have burped or defecated before, which usually ends in tears.
Colic attacks can last very differently. Some only last a few minutes, while others can last for a few hours.
Babies start to mourn with greater intensity at 3 weeks of age, but the cries appear especially between 4 and 6 weeks. At six weeks, babies begin to mourn less and, at 3 months old, crying episodes should be completed. Otherwise, the cramps may respond to more serious problems that require medical intervention.
Colic in babies occurs in one in five individuals. It is a painful episode, however it usually does not pose any danger to the baby’s physical or mental health.
Causes of colic in babies
The most common causes often produce colic in babies are:
– Flatulence, produced because the baby has had too much air when feeding. Other times, when the baby cries for other reasons, it becomes so strong that swallowing of the air is greater so that colic is aggravated.
– Allergy to the mother’s milk because the mother has ingested some substance or food to which the child is allergic.
– Allergy to bottle milk.
– Immaturity of the digestive system
– The baby is sleepy and can not sleep
– The baby is hungry after nursing the mother or after taking the bottle
– The baby is too sick to eat
– Baby’s milk is taken too fast, which, on the one hand, has not sated the baby’s hunger and, besides, the baby has swallowed too much air.
– The baby is nervous
– The baby is overstimulated (too much light in the room, crying, etc)
– The baby is lonely
– The baby is afraid
Symptoms of colic in babies
Symptoms that indicate the presence of a colic include the following:
– The baby does not stop crying
– The baby’s abdomen is swollen
– The baby closes his/her hands and shrinks his/her legs into the abdomen.
– The baby burps or defecates and calms.
Diagnosis of colic in babies
The doctor must diagnose colic in babies. This diagnosis is performed by a physical inspection of the condition of the baby and through a series of questions about baby’s behavior. (How does he/she eat, how does she/he sleep? How or when does he/she cry? Etc) Other tests may be needed when it is not known exactly what causes the tears.
Call your doctor immediately if…
– The baby cries or behaves differently to how it has been doing.