Characteristics of stroke

What is a stroke or cerebral embolism?

A stroke is a cerebrovascular accident (CVA) caused by one or more emboli. An embolus is a clot that breaks loose from the wall of a blood vessel and travels to another place. It may be stuck somewhere in a blood vessel causing a very serious blood blockage.

Cerebral embolism occurs when an embolus blocks a brain artery.

A stroke cuts off blood to a part of the brain. If it persists for a certain time, it results in the death of the affected brain tissue, with very serious consequences not only for the brain itself but for other parts of the body, too.

A stroke is the leading cause of a brain hemorrhage

A stroke requires immediate hospital treatment to reduce as far as possible the damage to the brain.

Symptoms of a stroke

A stroke may go unnoticed or it can produce very characteristics symptoms, especially if there has been a cerebral hemorrhage.

The main symptoms of stroke are:

  • Paralysis of a part of the body: It can affect the two sides of the body (tetraplegia), but it usually paralyzes the the arm, the leg, and the trunk on the same side of the body (hemiplegia). Sometimes it only affects to a part of the body, such as a leg or an arm (monoplegia). When it paralyzes all the limbs, it is called quadriplegia.
  • Awareness of an area of the body: A body part may appear sensibilized as though it was lacking in strength (hypoesthesia) or it was numb (paresthesia)
  • Breathing problems: Sometimes respiratory functions are disrupted and the patient feels hard to breathe. In more severe cases, this can lead to coma.
  • Slurred speech, speech disturbances (aphasia) can manifest itself in many ways. In severe cases the language is inconsistent and not well understood. Sometimes there is reversing of the order of the syllables within a word or some words can be changed for other.
  • Meaningless language: In other cases, although the patient seems to speak well, you do not understand what he says
  • Understanding problems: The patient responds poorly to commands.
  • Disturbed vision: The patient does not see well either in one or in both eyes when focusing vision to a certain point of the visual field. Other times, double vision can be experienced.
  • Balance problems: People suffering a stroke may have difficulty walking, which is responsible for many falls or body imbalance, that is usually accompanied by vertigo.

Before a stroke occurs, a less serious transient ischemic attack (TIA) can take place, offering more reduced symptoms. It is necessary to know it to act quickly. The patient should be medically attended to prevent the emergence of a more serious stroke within a few days or weeks before this ” minor ” stroke.

Causes of a stroke

A stroke is caused by one or more emboli from clots formed from another part of the body that are stuck in a brain artery blocking the flow of blood to the brain

Although they can be formed from any clots anywhere in the body, Strokes usually occur because of clots formed in the heart

Those who have a tendency to develop blood clots are more likely to suffer a stroke. (See causes of clots)

Consequences of a stroke

Sometimes the consequences of a stroke are minimal and there are very few sequels that disappear over time. Other times, the consequences are more serious and may be temporary or permanent. Among the main, we can point out the following:

  • Loss of movement.
  • Loss of coordination or capacity of a limb.
  • Physical weakness due to malnutrition, caused by physical disability and lack of interest in food.
  • Problems caused by lack of movement or coordination: Lack of muscle tone that can cause muscle pain or cramps. Lack of personal autonomy with the corresponding need to be treated by others at home or in nursing homes or hospitals. Pressure sores from staying too long in one position, joint problems, etc. Blows, falls (bruises or fractures caused by these traumas)
  • Loss of speech or imperfect speech: inability to communicate.
  • Loss of many brain functions: memory, understanding, sense of hunger. etc.
  • Personality changes: depression, irritability, aggressiveness, apathy, neglect (often requiring a special psychiatric drug treatment and with the possibility of needing psychiatric institutionalization)
  • Social isolation.
  • Inability to work.
  • Side effects of medications.

Stroke prevention

The best way to prevent strokes is to take the following measures:

  • Control your hypertension (Regular checkups. Ensure that the minimum is below 9 and the maximum below 14)
  • Control your obesity: Especially that obesity which affects the waist.
  • Control your diabetes.
  • Stop smoking.
  • Do not drink alcohol or drink moderately. In any case, men should drink no more than two glasses a day or women more than one.
  • Do not take drugs.
  • Perform daily exercise: at least 30 minutes. A good way is to walk. Nonoverweight people should walk at least 30 minutes a day and the obese or overweight about 60 or 90 minutes each day
  • Choose a diet free of fat and rich in natural plant foods such as fruits and vegetables.
  • Take the appropriate medicine or remedy: According to the guidelines of your doctor, if you are prone to excessive clotting, especially if you are suffering with atrial fibrillation, you should take antiplatelet drugs or anticoagulant drugs. Antiplatelet drugs or remedies are those that decrease the formation of blood platelets that are responsible for the clotting process. Among them, we have medicines like aspirin or remedies such as willow. Thinning drugs or anticoagulants remedies are those that neutralize the clotting factors to make the blood less thick, for example, Sintron

Diagnosis and treatment of a stroke

The diagnosis of a stroke is based on a physical examination to detect any possible symptoms. The physician is based mainly on verifying the speech, reflexes, vision, or the state of mental faculties. Auscultation of the heart and a blood pressure test is generally included.

In some cases other tests to assess the state of the brain or heart may be needed, such as angiography of the head (to uncover the blocked arteries), echocardiographies (To check the status of the heart) blood tests (to check cholesterol, sugar, blood clotting, etc.)

The official treatment of cerebral embolism focuses on the use of thrombolytic drugs used to dissolve clots and blood-thinning drugs that prevent new clots from forming.

Sometimes surgical procedures will be needed to remove the thrombus.

The natural treatment of a stroke is based on the use of a series of natural resources that can help prevent or treat it.

punto rojo More information on the natural treatment of a stroke.

Written by Editorial Botanical-online team in charge of content writing

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