Dehydration characteristics

What is dehydration?

Dehydration is a pathological condition of the body caused by a low level of fluids in the body.

This state has negative consequences in many parts of the body such as blood circulation, mental status, urine, etc.

Whom dehydration can mainly affect to?

Old people
Old people are more likely to suffer from dehydration because they have less capacity to retain water
  • Dehydration can occur more easily in infants and children because their bodies contain a higher proportion of water.
  • It is also more feasible in the elderly who have less capacity to retain water and less ability to feel the sensation of thirst.
  • Besides, because of summer heat, both, children and elderly, are more likely to develop diarrhea, which can reduce much of their body fluids. In case of diarrhea, you must provide plenty of water to avoid dehydration.
  • Dehydration can also affect to people who are doing more physical tasks or effort, such as athletes, people practicing sport activities,  hard work, etc.

Symptoms of dehydration

Among the most characteristic symptoms, we have to mention the following:

  • Dry and inflexible skin (When you pinch your skin, it is wrinkled and it does not return to its normal state)
  • Sunken eyes
  • Sticking mouth or little saliva production.
  • In infants, sunken fontanels.
  • Scarce urine and, in severe cases, very dark yellow urine.
  • Rapid heartbeat
  • Sometimes, when it is most severe, seizures, dizziness, loss of consciousness or shock.

Causes of dehydration

Walking under the sun
Walking under the sun in very hot days can easily be a reason for dehydration

The main causes that can lead to dehydration include:

Treatment of dehydration

In the event of a problem of non-mild dehydration (dizziness, impaired consciousness, lack of tears in children, scarce and very dark urine, etc) it is best to call the emergency service. This is especially needed in case of children.

Monitored oral rehydration therapy or intravenous therapy can be required in more serious cases. (Water and minerals are provided orally or intravenously till the levels are restored)

For milder cases, fluids may be given slowly and in small quantities. For infants a teaspoonful should be used, instead of drinking directly from a bottle.

Natural medicine for dehydration

Natural medicine for dehydration implies the use of a number of plants used to combat the cause that lead to dehydration

punto rojo More information on dehydration and its natural treatment

Editorial
Written by Editorial Botanical-online team in charge of content writing

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Botanical-online is an informative page that describes, among other topics, the traditional uses of plants from a therapeutic point of view. Their descriptions do not replace professional advice. Botanical-online is not responsible for self-medication and recommends consulting with the physician.
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