- 1 What is depression?
- 1.1 How do I know I am depressed?
- 1.2 Psychological symptoms of depression
- 1.3 Behavioral disorders of depression
- 1.4 Thought disorders of depression
- 1.5 Physical symptoms of depression
- 1.6 How long do depression symptoms last?
- 1.7 Causes of depression
- 1.8 Diagnosis and treatment of depression
- 1.9 How to avoid depression or depressive relapses?
- 1.10 Tips not to get depressed
What is depression?
Depression is a condition characterized by a very sad or miserable mood state. It shows a great intensity for a considerable period of time without apparent justification.
It is a very common disease that affects about 3 to 4% of the population, being more common among women. It usually begins after age 40.
How do I know I am depressed?
Among the main symptoms of depression we find the following:
- Affective disorders
- Behavioral disorders
- Thought disorders
- Physical symptoms
Psychological symptoms of depression
They are those that affect areas related to affective disorders:
- Desire to cry
- Low self-esteem
- Little enthusiasm
Behavioral disorders of depression
- Lack of interest in life
- Loss of appetite
- Social isolation
Thought disorders of depression
Sometimes thought disorders may appear:
- Persistent negative and obsessive thinking
- Inability to concentrate
- Suicide or self-mutilation ideas
- Memory loss
Physical symptoms of depression
They are those that have a psychosomatic origin, that is to say that although they have a physical symptomatology, they are the result of emotional causes. Among them we could mention the following:
- Indeterminate and transient pains
- Headache or migraines
- Speech problems
- Digestive or intestinal symptoms, stomach pain, heartburn, diarrhea,
Choking feeling, palpitations, hypertension
How long do depression symptoms last?
All these symptoms may be constant, keeping themselves similar one day after another (unipolar depression) or cyclic, with alternating periods of euphoria with others that would emphasize the depressive symptoms we have previously seen (bipolar depression).
Causes of depression
The main causes of depression are:
- Physical causes of depression: They are those produced by some organic disorders related to the nervous system, which reduce the communication skills of neurotransmitters. (Endogenous depression, such as multiple sclerosis).
- Environmental causes of depression : They are those produced by some external cause-related with adverse personal trauma (loss of a relative, negative experience, job loss, relationship problems, disappointment in love, etc).
- Chemical cause of depression: The ingestion of certain chemicals or drugs may increase the risk of depression.
Diagnosis and treatment of depression
The treatment of profound depression in its early stages requires a multifaceted approach in which the patient needs attention from different doctors or medical specialists.
In deep and medium depression, it may consist of pharmacological treatment, especially until recovery is achieved.
How to avoid depression or depressive relapses?
Once the crisis is overcome, the affected patient will need to adopt a change of mentality in which the patient seeks a closer relationship with those around him in order that they may help him/ her not to fall depressed again.
During this time it is very interesting to change the habits of life, trying to find a “more natural” way of life.
Tips not to get depressed
Among all of them we can highlight the following:
- Carrying out outdoor activities
- Contact with the nature
- Adopt some social hobby or some entertainment that fills the mood gap
More information on depression.
13 July, 2020