Characteristics of depression

This article was endorsed by Néstor Zumaya Cárdenas - M.D & Medical Surgeon from the National Autonomous University of Mexico

What is depression?

Depression is a condition characterized by a very sad or miserable mood state. It shows a great intensity for a considerable period of time without apparent justification.

It is a very common disease that affects about 3 to 4% of the population, being more common among women. It usually begins after age 40.

How do I know I am depressed?

Orange blossom
Orange blossom photo. It has a very pleasant smell

Among the main symptoms of depression we find the following:

  • Affective disorders
  • Behavioral disorders
  • Thought disorders
  • Physical symptoms

Psychological symptoms of depression

They are those that affect areas related to affective disorders:

  • Sadness
  • Anxiety
  • Desire to cry
  • Low self-esteem
  • Disappointment
  • Little enthusiasm

Behavioral disorders of depression

  • Lack of interest in life
  • Loss of appetite
  • Social isolation
depression symptoms
Picture of the different symptoms that can occur with depression. It is natural to be sad, but there are certain medical indications that mark the line between sadness and depression. Professional advice is recommended.

Thought disorders of depression

Sometimes thought disorders may appear:

  • Persistent negative and obsessive thinking
  • Guilt
  • Inability to concentrate
  • Pessimism
  • Suicide or self-mutilation ideas
  • Memory loss

Physical symptoms of depression

They are those that have a psychosomatic origin, that is to say that although they have a physical symptomatology, they are the result of emotional causes. Among them we could mention the following:

How long do depression symptoms last?

All these symptoms may be constant, keeping themselves similar one day after another (unipolar depression) or cyclic, with alternating periods of euphoria with others that would emphasize the depressive symptoms we have previously seen (bipolar depression).

Causes of depression

The main causes of depression are:

  • Physical causes of depression: They are those produced by some organic disorders related to the nervous system, which reduce the communication skills of neurotransmitters. (Endogenous depression, such as multiple sclerosis).
  • Environmental causes of depression : They are those produced by some external cause-related with adverse personal trauma (loss of a relative, negative experience, job loss, relationship problems, disappointment in love, etc).
  • Chemical cause of depression: The ingestion of certain chemicals or drugs may increase the risk of depression.

Diagnosis and treatment of depression

The treatment of profound depression in its early stages requires a multifaceted approach in which the patient needs attention from different doctors or medical specialists.

In deep and medium depression, it may consist of pharmacological treatment, especially until recovery is achieved.

How to avoid depression or depressive relapses?

photography
Doing activities in nature can help us distract ourselves

Once the crisis is overcome, the affected patient will need to adopt a change of mentality in which the patient seeks a closer relationship with those around him in order that they may help him/ her not to fall depressed again.

During this time it is very interesting to change the habits of life, trying to find a “more natural” way of life.

Tips not to get depressed

Among all of them we can highlight the following:

  • Carrying out outdoor activities
  • Sunbathe
  • Contact with the nature
  • Adopt some social hobby or some entertainment that fills the mood gap

punto rojo More information on depression.

Editorial
Written by Editorial Botanical-online team in charge of content writing

13 July, 2020

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