What is diabetes?
Diabetes is a metabolic disorder consisting of a excess of sugar in the blood or urine.
Types of diabetes
There are two types of diabetes:
– Diabetes insipidus caused by a lack of the hormone vasopressin.
– Diabetes mellitus, caused by alterations in the metabolism of sugar. It is a disease that affects 1% of the population but more than a half are not aware of suffering it. Within this we have two varieties:
– Insulin-dependent diabetes (type I diabetes): It is a disease affecting children and youth. It has a very fast development characterized by a deficiency of insulin in the blood caused by an alteration in the pancreas.
– Non-insulin dependent diabetes (type II diabetes), It appears almost always in people older than 40.. It is characterized by an inability of cells to absorb insulin from the blood, although production by the pancreas may be normal. Its evolution is much slower than juvenile diabetes.
People with diabetes must control their diet and sugar intake
Symptoms of diabetes
The main symptoms of diabetes are:
– Continually needing to urinate.
– Weight loss.
– Itching of the whole body.
– Healing problems
Causes of diabetes
Among the main causes we can mention the following:
– Lack of insulin.
– Poor use of insulin.
– Inadequate diet (In patients predisposed to this disease, too many carbohydrates and sugars can trigger the disease over the years)
– Lack of physical exercise (This cause, combined with an inadequate food intake, contributes to increased risk of disease in people with risk factors.)
– Autoimmune causes: When the body begins to attack the pancreatic cells that produce insulin. The cause of this disorder is unknown.
Consequences of diabetes
It is a serious disease because of its destructive effect on the body. The main consequences may include:
– Kidney Diseases.
– Heart diseases.
– Ocular diseases.
Certain conditions, such as diabetic foot, can become so severe that, in extreme cases and poorly healed, limb amputation may be necessary.
Treatment of diabetes
In the case of diabetes insipidus, the administration of the hormone vasopressin, which causes the disease, helps to normalize the situation. With regard to diabetes mellitus, the normal progression of the disease usually leads to long treatment with insulin.
More information about diabetes
29 May, 2020