What are duodenal ulcers?
Characteristics of duodenal ulcers
Duodenal ulcers are lesions of the mucous membranes lining the duodenum, which is the first part of the small intestine. This kind of digestive ulcer is the most common and mainly affects people between 20 and 40 years.
It occurs more often in men than in women, even with a higher proportion than in the stomach ulcer. It is also a chronic disease whose symptoms can be recurrent.
Symptoms of duodenal ulcers
- Sometimes without any symptoms.
- Sometimes symptoms such as:
- Weight loss,
- Pain that takes place a couple of hours after eating and usually lasts for four hours (this is what distinguishes it most from the symptoms of stomach ulcer, that manifests itself immediately after meals). It is very common to suffer nocturnal pain, leading many patients to wake up between midnight and dawn.
- Other symptoms include vomiting and, sometimes, gastrointestinal bleeding.
Causes of duodenal ulcers
The main causes that produce duodenal ulcers are:
- Bacteria-Infection: Most ulcers are caused by a bacterium (Helicobacter pylori) that infects the digestive system. This type of infection is more common in duodenal ulcer than in gastric ulcer (95% vs. 70%, respectively)
- Inadequate diet: Too heavy meals, high-fat meals, too saucy dishes are factors that can trigger duodenal ulcers. (More information about ” Diet for ulcers” in the listing above)
- Gastric hyperacidity: excess of acidity or hyperchlorhydria can cause some of these ulcers.
- Regular consumption of alcohol or tobacco.
- Use of certain drugs, particularly non-steroidal anti inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) that are used as analgesics for pain, including the best known and most responsible acetyl salicylic acid – aspirin -, or others such as cortisone or ibuprofen.
- Genetic reasons: People who belong to group O are more likely to have a duodenal ulcer. Than those belonging to group A. People with a history of ulcer patients are more likely to suffer from this disease.
- Cancer: Duodenal ulcers are very rarely cancerous.
Diagnosis and treatment of duodenal ulcers
Suspecting a duodenal ulcer that does not improve in two or three days of care, the first thing to do is a visit to the specialist so that, through various processes (physical examination, endoscopy, radiography, blood tests, etc.) can make the proper diagnosis.
This recommendation is strictly necessary if clear symptoms, such as vomiting, bloody or dark stools.
How to prevent duodenal ulcers?
The following recommendations would be useful to prevent the occurrence of duodenal ulcers:
- Improve eating habits:
- Reduce the consumption of alcohol, tobacco, coffee, tea or caffeinated beverages.
- Avoid use of medications that can cause ulcers. In any case, do not use self-medication and consult a doctor.
- Avoid stress
The natural treatment of duodenal ulcer involves using a series of natural resources that help prevent this disease or reduce its symptoms.
More information about duodenal ulcer
2 August, 2020