Characterisitcs of nefritis

This article was endorsed by Irene Mazzuca - Doctor of Medicine from the University of Rome "La Sapienza"

What is nephritis?

Nephritis is the inflammation of the kidney. Sometimes it happens unnoticed without causing pain and other times it is very painful.

It can be temporary or chronic in which case it can originate kidney malfunction.

Symptoms of nephritis


Fever can be a symptom of nephritis

The main symptoms of nephritis are:

  • Back pain
  • Nausea
  • Dizziness
  • Fever
  • Pruritus
  • Drowsiness and lethargy
  • Blood in the urine
  • Pain when urinating
  • Need to urinate frequently and other disturbances of urination

Causes of nephritis

The main causes that can produce inflammations in the kidneys are:

  • Ingestion of medicines or toxic products. Some medicines, especially the abuse of antiinflammatories or analgesic, or toxic products (alcohol or tobacco, solvents, lead, cleaning products, etc.) can cause inflammation in the kidneys.
  • Diseases: Certain diseases, like diabetes, uric acid, kidney stones, AIDS, syphilis, certain cancers, etc. can also affect the kidneys, leading to inflammation.
  • Immune Problems: Certain kidney chronic inflammations respond to immune system problems that adversely affect the kidney glomeruli, causing them not to function properly. (Glomerulonephritis)
  • Traumatisms: Impacts, falls, accidents at work, sports, etc. can cause inflammation.

Prevention of nephritis

Malar rash, charraspberries

Eating acidic food, such as raspberries, can prevent nephritis by means of acidifying urine

In order to avoid the appearance of infections in the kidney we would have to consider the following considerations:

  • Caring for the hygiene: Most kidney infections come from bacteria that enter the urinary tract through the urethra and travel to the kidneys. Therefore good hygiene after defecation is essential. This rule applies with particular obligation to women who are more likely to suffer urinary tract infections. Washing the genital area after sex is another welcome measure.
  • Avoid the contaminated objects: We should be extremely careful not to contaminate the objects that can access this area (tampons, diaphragms, spermicidal products, etc.).
  • A proper diet:Adequate food, high in fiber and acidic foods (blueberries, lemons, oranges, grape, potatoes, etc.), with little sugar presence, does not only help to the fight against constipation and accumulation of bacteria in the body, but it acidifies the urine, creating an environment unsuitable for the development of bacteria.
  • Increase water consumption: Drinking a lot of water increases micturition. An abundant urination facilitates the expulsion of microorganisms.

Diagnosis of nephritis

Facing some symptoms that may presuppose the existence of a kidney inflammation, the first thing to do is to visit the doctor or specialist who, through analysis, will be able to detect the possible existence of an infection. Kidney infections or inflammations may endanger the health of the kidneys, so they need an urgent treatment.

punto rojo More information on nephritis.

Written by Editorial Botanical-online team in charge of content writing

21 July, 2020

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