What are puncture wounds?
Punctures are wounds caused by sharp objects. They may be superficial or deep.
Most infections are caused by skin lesions. The skin is a barrier to the penetration of microorganisms.
Once this barrier is opened by any cause (wounds, scratches, burns, punctures etc.) the body is exposed to invasion of microorganisms.
Symptoms of puncture wounds
The main symptoms are: Pain, pricks stuck on the skin, bloody points, etc.
Causes of puncture wounds
Very common forms of producing punctures are:
– Punctures caused by injections: This type of puncture is very delicate as it is capable of transmitting very dangerous diseases like AIDS or hepatitis.
– Punctures caused by sharp objects: The use of sharp instruments such as scissors, needles, knives, etc. can cause accidental hand punctures. Nails, tacks, etc. can cause punctures in feet.
– Punctures caused by marine animals. Some marine animals such as sea hedgehogs can easily puncture the swimmers through the spikes that dig into their feet and break inside the skin.
How to avoid puncture wounds
To avoid punctures you should have to take into account the following tips:
– Avoid walking barefoot. Use shoes: Do not walk barefoot in places where you can tread sharp objects. Appropriate shoes with a good thick sole will protect you against accidental needle punctures. On the beach slippers should be used to avoid possible accidents.
– Avoid risk situation: The staff in hospitals should avoid situations that may lead to an accidental puncture. In any case, they should take precautions.
– Use gloves when gardening or farming: Gardeners, farmers, vendors etc. should use protective gloves when handling plants with thorns.
Treatment of punctures
The first thing to to is to wash punctures with soap after having washed the hands thoroughly. If there is something stuck on the skin or flesh, it must be removed. Some tweezers properly disinfected can be used for this purpose.
Then, the wound must be disinfected with some disinfectant and, finally, the it must be covered properly to prevent bleeding or avoid it to be infected.
It is absolutely necessary to visit a doctor in one of these cases:
– In serious punctures, when the person is unable to stop bleeding or this is occurring too violently.
– When the person can not properly clean the puncture or there is something left in the skin or flesh that can not be extracted.
– When the person does not possess adequate tetanus vaccination.
– When the puncture shows signs of infection (pus, fever, signs of expansion of infection).
– When the wound does not heal after some days.
Natural treatment of punctures involves the use of a number of alternative resources that can help improve healing and prevent infection.
More information about puncture wounds and other wounds and its natural treatment.