What is pyorrhea?
Pyorrhea or periodontitis is a purulent inflammation of the tissues of the roots of the teeth. (The teeth sockets formed by the bones and ligaments upholding the teeth).
It is medically known as periodontitis. It is a disease that, if not treated properly, can cause the loss of teeth.
Improper treatment of pyorrhea could lead to of tooth loss in grown up people.
Symptoms of pyorrhea
Sometimes it does not present any symptoms. However, the main symptoms of pyorrhea are:
- Pus draining from the gums.
- Buccal bleeding when we clean teeth
- Bleeding gums
- Pain when we chew
- Inflammation of the gums
- Infection of the jaw bones.
- Ulcers in the mouth
- Bad taste in the mouth
- Bad breath.
- Itching and irritation of the gums.
- Bright red or purple tender gums.
- Swollen gums
- Teeth that move when touched
- Dental displacement
Causes of pyorrhea
Pyorrhea is generally produced as a result of an untreated gums inflammation (gingivitis). This inflammation expands from the gingiva (gums) to the bones and ligaments that support the teeth, causing a cavity between the teeth and the gums where a tooth plaque is formed.
Many microorganisms take profit of this situation to infect the zone. Because of the inflammation and infection, the bones supporting the teeth are being destroyed.
The following factors can predispose to pyorrhea:
- Poor dental hygiene: Neglecting dental hygiene is the first factor causing pyorrhea.
- Xerostomia or dry mouth: It is a disease characterized by lack of saliva. Saliva is very important for the health of the teeth, since this liquid, in addition to helping to clean the remains of food chewed in the mouth, is able to drag many bacteria that live between the teeth. People with dry mouth are more likely to have dental problems.
- Diabetes: Diabetes is one of the factors that can affect the teeth as it happens with infections that affect the tissues that hold the teeth (pyorrhea)
- Smoking: Tobacco blackens teeth. Smoking or chewing tobacco is responsible for numerous problems in the gums and can also cause cancer in the mouth.
- Sugar-rich foods: Eating or chewing foods rich in sugar, helps to form the tartar that is one of the main causes of pyorrhoea.
- Poor circulation of the blood vessels in the gums.
- Deficiency of minerals
Can improper nutrition produce pyorrhea?
Vitamin C is also necessary to repair and maintain the teeth by being able to take care of the gums by preventing periodontal diseases. They are very beneficial citrus fruits (rich in citroflavonoids) for their property to restore capillaries and blood vessels and restore the health of the gums: tangerines, oranges, lemons (water with squeezed lemon is recommended) . Thus, a diet in which deficits occur in any of these vitamins or minerals is reflected in the poor condition of the teeth.
Vitamin D is necessary because it helps fix calcium in bones and teeth. The best way to obtain it is through sun exposure, contact with nature and outdoor activities.
How to prevent pyorrhea
The following advices could be very useful in order to prevent pyorrhea:
- Go to the dentist to remove your dental plaque regularly.
- Brush and floss your teeth properly. Do these actions gently with suitable toothbrush and dental thread.
- Use appropriate diet: do not abuse of sugars. Do not eat between meals.
- Avoid smoking.
Diagnosis of pyorrhea
The diagnosis of pyorrhea is carried out by the dentist. It is necessary to go to this health professional at least once a year to check the condition of the gums, mouth and teeth. In case of any of the symptoms seen above, you should go to the dentist as soon as possible.
Treatment of pyorrhea
The usual treatment of pyorrhea is based on the elimination of the plaque that produces tartar where the microorganisms that cause pyorrhea are found. In mild cases, antibiotic treatment may be sufficient. When tartar has formed, a scraping by the dentist is required. If the problem affects the internal parts of the gums or teeth, the use of surgery may be required.
More information on pyorrhea
22 May, 2020