What is rosacea?
Rosacea or Roseola is an illness characterized by redness of the face caused by inflammation of blood vessels. Rosacea occurs mainly in the forehead, cheeks, nose, chin or eyelids.
It may be a mild form, with a rosiness or a redness in the skin; or with the appearance of spider-like veins in any of these areas of the face (telangiectasia)
Sometimes it may produce more intense symptoms with the appearance of pimples or scabs on the skin, similar to acne. A more intense demonstration is the redness and the thickening of the nose caused by thickening of the skin, known as rhinophyma.
The most severe form of rosacea (ocular rosacea) is characterized by redness of the eyes and eyelids with tearing and swelling. This can cause vision loss by damage to the cornea if not properly treated. Other times it causes swelling of the face by fluid accumulation.
This disease is chronic and usually appears between 30 and 50 years, especially in women. However, when it appears in men, it is usually more intense than in women.
Although its symptoms are controllable, it can cause skin infections if not treated properly and, above all, it is the reason why many people feel uncomfortable because of the appearance of the skin of their face and specially because of the growing of the nose.
Symptoms of rosacea
The main symptoms of rosacea are: Redness of the skin, increasing the volume of the nose, itching, stinging, feeling that the skin stretches, crusting, itchy eyes, watery eyes, small veins on the face under the skin, etc.
Causes of rosacea
It is not known exactly what are the causes of rosacea, but there are a number of triggers. The main ones are:
– Hot and spicy foods.
– High temperatures and humid atmosphere or very cold temperatures. Rapid changes in temperature.
– Direct contact with the sun.
– Contact with the wind.
– Stress: The anxiety or stress can contribute to the characteristic redness of rosacea.
– Personal exertion.
– The irritants of the skin (cosmetics for sensitive skin, peeling skin, etc.)
– Some medications such as corticosteroids or other vasodilators.
Diagnostics and treatment of rosacea
Faced with anyone of the previous symptoms you have go to your doctor for the proper diagnosis. Although rosacea is nor curable, its symptoms can be improved.
The standard treatment usually involves the use of antibiotics in an initial stage followed by the application of creams. This treatment should be prescribed and monitored by a doctor or specialist.
More information about rosacea.
21 June, 2020